Food Safety Tips You Can Do at Home to Minimize the Risk of Food Poisoning

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Food Preparation Safety

Refrigerate

Always refrigerate perishable food within 2 hours.

Refrigerate within 1 hour when the temperature is above 90F.

At home, place meat, poultry, and seafood in the refrigerator immediately.

Freeze poultry and ground meat that won’t be used in 1 or 2 days; freeze other meat within 4 to 5 days.

Defrost Safely

Completely defrost meat and poultry before grilling so it cooks more evenly.

Use the refrigerator for slow, safe thawing or thaw sealed packages in cold water.

You can microwave to defrost if the food will be placed immediately on the grill.

Safe Food Preparation

To prevent food borne illness, don’t use the same platter and utensils for raw and cooked meat and poultry. Harmful bacteria present in raw meat and poultry and their juices can contaminate safely cooked food.

Only use knives and cutting utensils for one thing, either for meat or for vegetables. Thereafter, the utensils should be thoroughly washed.

NEVER place the grilled meat back on the dish or board on which the raw meat was placed, as this has blood and juices from the raw meat.

NEVER use knives or dishes that have been used for the raw meat for the grilled meat, too.

Clean all counters and cooking surfaces, with hot soapy water before use.

Clean all cutting boards with hot soapy water before use.

Avoid using the same plate for raw and cooked food.

Marinade in the refrigerator and discard the marinade immediately after use.

Use a separate brush one for marinating and another for basting cooked meat.

Marinading

Marinate food in the refrigerator, not on the counter.

Discard the marinade immediately after use.

If some of the marinade is to be used as a sauce on the cooked food, reserve a portion of the marinade before putting raw meat and poultry in it. However, if the marinade used on raw meat or poultry is to be reused, make sure to let it come to a boil first to destroy any harmful bacteria.

Safe Food Handling

Keep all raw and cooked food separate and keep it “wrapped and refrigerated”.

Use separate BBQ utensils when handling raw and cooked food.

Make sure frozen meat is thoroughly thawed (unless otherwise stated) before cooking and do not refreeze once thawed.

Safe Cooking

Cook thoroughly. Cook food to a safe minimum internal temperature to destroy harmful bacteria. The only way to be sure foods are cooked to a high enough temperature to kill harmful bacteria is to use an accurate digital instant-read thermometer. Thermometer use to ensure proper cooking temperature is especially important for those who cook or serve ground beef patties to people most at risk for food borne. Those most at risk include young children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems.

Unless you are in a big hurry or you like for your meat to be dry, do not press on it. You will just be squeezing out all those wonderful juices. Additionally, squeezing the juices on the coals …

Food Processor Safety Tips

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A food processor is an electrical appliance that operates with fast moving and sharp blades and discs. Like other electrical equipment, a food processor should always be handled with care. Follow these safety tips to protect you and your family from misuse and harm.

  • The appliance’s blades and discs operate and move at high speeds. Make sure your hands and kitchen utensils, like spatulas or wooden spoons, are kept away from the moving blades and discs when processing food. Only insert your hands or kitchen utensils into the food processor after the machine is off and unplugged.
  • As stated, the blades and discs are very sharp and should be handled and stored carefully. When connecting the motor shaft or stem to the processing unit, always place the blades and discs on flat, stable surfaces to minimize potential contact with them.
  • Make sure the work bowl is securely locked before placing blades or discs on the motor shaft.
  • Never put food or other ingredients into the work bowl until the blades and discs are securely in place.
  • Always use the pusher or food plunger to move food into the bowl and into the spinning blades or discs. Never put your fingers into the feed tube or work bowl while it is in operation.
  • Make sure the blade or disc has stopped spinning before you remove the cover from the work bowl.
  • Make sure the processor is turned off and unplugged from the electrical outlet before removing food, changing parts or cleaning it.
  • After your food processing is done, first remove the work bowl from the processor’s base before removing any blades or discs.

Modified Tapioca Starch Composition

What is Modified Tapioca Starch?

Tapioca is an economical crop that grows abundantly in Thailand and is one of the major sources of starch. Tapioca starch consists of 15% to 18% of Amylose. The size of Tapioca granules ranges from five to twenty five microns and are of smooth and irregular shapes. Tapioca starch is used in industrial applications and scientists have repeatedly tried to modify Tapioca Starch so they could increase the stability of the granules and allow the starch to absorb more water and keep the ingredients together. Tapioca starch is modified by the plasma treatment in the presence of Argon gas. As to how much the Tapioca starch is modified is determined by the water content of the starch granules. According to research, before the plasma treatment, the starch tablets are classified under three relative humidities with 11%, 68%, and 78% RH, respectively. As shown by the results, the water molecules are absorbed by the starch in a tight bond and a weak absorption of water molecules.

Research shows that degree of cross-linking of treated starch that possesses high relative humidity is comparatively lesser than that of starch possessing a low relative humidity.

Modification of Tapioca Starch

The functional properties of starch are usually altered and improved by modifying into dextrin and maltodextrin. Maltodextrin is popular in the food industry, and is known as the food substitution. The starch is chemically altered by getting enzymatically modified and has been tested with the use of amylase at a much needed optimum pH value of 5.5 and the temperature being 75 to 85 degree Celsius.

In the food industry, maltodextrin is produced for commercial use. Its yield is around 80%.

Why is Tapioca Starch Modified?

Starch is modified to increase the crop’s ability to endure and maintain stability during excessive heat, acid, and to change their texture. A modified Tapioca starch is also instant charge. It heats and thickens the gel without using heat, cooks like a starch and is an excellent sugar replacement. Modified starch is made by treating starch with inorganic solvents.

Example of Modified Tapioca Starch – Expandex

Expandex is a gluten free starch that is made from modified Tapioca starch. Expandex is white in color, odorless to smell and tastes bland. Corn Products International that is based in Westchester manufactures it, and Expandex is notably free of wheat, rye, and corn, and is specifically a gluten free product. Tapioca crop, also known as cassava or manioc in different parts of the world comes from a tropical plant called ‘Manihot Esculenta’.

Modified Tapioca starch, or better known as Expandex these days, is a rich source of carbohydrates you need for the day, and is used in gluten free recipes and different sauces used in the kitchen and to smoothen the texture. Expandex is a modified tapioca starch that exhibits a very bland flavor and a lot of health benefits.

Is Modified Tapioca Good for Health?

Rice starch consists primarily of carbohydrates, and some types of …

Caring for Your Pets Means Finding a Good Vet

My first experience with a vet when I moved to my new house with my family was a positive one. We had to look all around to find the best care we could find for our little dog. She’s an important part of my family. I don’t want her to feel like we don’t care about her. It takes a lot of love and attention to care properly for an animal. You have to be willing to take the animal to get its nails trimmed at a groomer, and you have to be willing to provide nutritionally sound meals for the animals.

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You also have to be willing to find a professional vet that will assist you in time of need. It’s important to find a vet that will look after your animal when it needs regular shots and checkups, but you should also look out for an emergency vet near your home. You may never need to take your pet to an emergency vet’s office, but having one that you know you can trust is a good idea. You never know when your dog or cat is going to swallow something and need immediate attention. 

Our pets might act like sophisticated animals, but all living things make mistakes. Even if your dog or cat is trained properly, you might be surprised one day to find out that they have done something they shouldn’t have done. Dogs have a way of going into the garbage when they’re not supposed to, and often the dog will eat more than it should eat. Sometimes our big dogs have been guilty of eating tennis balls even. I was surprised to find out that a dog can actually swallow a rubber ball, but I was glad to find a 24 hour animal hospital williamsport pa. Was there to help us remedy our situation. 

I’ve had similar problems with my cat as well. I’ve had to call the emergency vet every now and then when my cat eats something he isn’t supposed to eat. Our other cat is very well behaved, but the boy cat tends to like to eat food that is meant for people. He’s had problems after eating chocolate from the kitchen. He’ll go into our kitchen and open the cabinets with his paws. We know that chocolate is not something that cats are supposed to eat, so we have had to rush him to the emergency vet on more than one occasion.

We have stopped bringing chocolate into the house all together because we’re afraid it might get eaten by one of our pets. We love our pets, so we don’t want to have to see them in any pain. If we bring chocolate into the house, we have been advised by our vet to store it in a place that we know the pets can’t get to it. We have been storing the chocolate in the refrigerator to keep our pets from finding it when they rummage through …

Reasons for a Machine to Seal Your Food

Most companies are going to use plastic packaging that can protect the foods that they are selling like cheeses, prepared entrees, and meats. This plastic is going to help protect these foods from cross-contamination and potential damages before it has a chance to get to the consumer. So, the first reason for a food sealing machine is that you will be able to preserve fresh foods. Once the product gets to the store, then the plastic is going to help make sure that the product is fresh, and no allergens or bacteria will be spread and contaminates other types of foods. The meat and poultry will need to be properly sealed so that it does not cause any diseases to spread. The continuous heat sealers will use durable plastic bags so that they do not leak or tear when they are being transported to the grocery store. This is also going to be true of aluminum foil and laminated packaging.

Uses

The second reason is that is going to have alternative uses. Even though, most companies are going to use this type of machine for the food industry, there are some that are going to use it in the packaging industry. This is something that is going to be very affordable compared to some of the more expensive packing materials. The plastic bags are going to be a lot more affordable and will be easy to fill, seal, and ship. They are also going to be lightweight, but they will be able to handle some of the sharp objects that have to be shipped without any chances of getting punctured. This is also going to be true of the smaller objects like nuts, screws, and bolts because they don’t have to worry about the packaging being damaged while it is in the process of being packaged. Some of the other types of companies that are going to use this machine is cosmetic, electrical, food processing plants, and vitamins for many years.

Maintenance 

The third reason is that the machines is that they are very easy to maintain. The maintenance is very simple and is not going to cost a lot of money to do so especially when it is compared to some of the other machines that can be used to seal up the packages. Before the packaging is sent to the customers, the machine is going to be tested for the long-life cycle and consistency. Most of the time, a company is going to have a good support system for all their customers to help make sure that the equipment is always going to work properly. The customer service can be over the phone or in person if that is going to work better for the person. If this is what the person needs, then a professional will be at your place of business within 24 hours of your reporting the breakage of the machine to the company.…

Mexican Dishes Is One of the World’s Favorite Cuisines

Mexican cuisine has been around for nearly 10,000 years. This food style is derived from the Central American region of North America and from different parts of South America. People all over the world truly enjoy the Mexican flavors that real authentic Mexican foods provide. Whether its tacos in the United States or eating burritos in Spain, Mexican cuisine proves to be one of the best tasting foodstuffs the world has to offer.

What Makes Mexican so Great?

Mexican food is combination of tradition, culture and history. The dishes that are created from this type of cookery. They are a reflection of the people, their heritage and their way of life. Various Latin American cultures from antiquity all lend their unique flavor and style to Mexican based meals. According to All Recipes (an online recipe site); corn, beans, tomatoes, chili peppers, vanilla and cocoa are all authentic Mexican ingredients.

People in ancient Central America ate meat but they primarily ate vegetables and grains. Vegetables such as avocados, peanuts and squash are also traditionally Mexican. Many Mexican foods contain these ingredients are they are made from them. All of these different foodstuffs were derived from different Central and South American cultures. The Mayans, Aztecs and Omecs are the primary contributors to Mexican cuisine. The Spaniards also played a role with this blend of cookery.

Spanish Influence on Mexican Dishes

After the Spanish invaders conquered Mexico they introduced a wide variety of foods into their culture. Items such as beef, pork and chicken are now a large part of the Mexican diet. Foods such as garlic, sugar, onions and cheese were now included inside of Mexican cuisine. The Spanish introduction to livestock really helped to transform how Mexican food taste. With the addition of beef, chicken and pork; Mexican food had evolved into a dynamic cuisine filled with more diversity and a broader appeal. The food now had more a deeper appeal to the masses. The Spanish based ingredients help to form Mexican dishes that many people eat today.

Mexican Cuisine is Popular in Various Societies

Various societies around the world really like Mexican foods. Places such as the U.S., Canada, China, Australia and in various parts of Asia. A Mexican restaurant can typically be found within a city located inside of these countries. People love Mexican food. They like the hearty flavors, the alluring spices and the unique blend of ingredients which tantalize the tongue.

Favorite Mexican Foods

People like all kinds of Mexican dishes. They include items such as chilaquiles (chicken and egg nachos served for breakfast, pozole (authentic Mexican style soup) and chiles en nogada (which is a traditional and national dish of this amazing nation). Other great Mexican menu items include elote (corn on the cob), enchiladas, tamales, mole and guacamole. Some fast food restaurant chains in America sell Mexican based cuisine but many people do not consider this authentic Mexican eatery. Versions of Mexican foods such as Tex-Mex or those that have been “Americanized” are also derided …

Best places to eat in Jaipur

The capital city of Rajasthan, Jaipur is one of the popular tourist destinations in the country. Popularly known as the Pink City, it is known for rich tradition, culture and historical significance. Dining is one of the popular things to do in Jaipur. It is a city of cultural diversity and this has gradually led to the emergence of various foods, cuisine and cooking mediums. There are plenty of restaurants in the city which serve various types of local, Indian, continental, and various other types of international delicacies. Tourists as well as local people visit the various restaurants in the city to have a feel of delicious food amidst a charming ambience.

The Jaipur restaurants offer a range of delicious and authentic cuisine. There are plenty of local restaurants in Jaipur where travelers will get a taste of mouthwatering local and Rajasthani food as well as Mughlai, Indian and Tandoori delicacies. Most of the restaurants are located at strategic points which make them easily accessible. Some of the popular restaurants where you get local cuisine are Dal Baati Churma, Virasat Restaurant, Shri Thaal Village, Rajasthani Thali Wala, Shri panch bhog, Natraj Restaurant, 1135 AD, Santosh Bhojnalaya, The Grand Peacock Restaurant and so on.

Chinese and continental delicacies are also very popular in Jaipur.  This has led to the growth of numerous Chinese and continental restaurants in the city. Some of the best restaurants in the city, which serve Chinese and continental dishes are Chinatown, Dragon House, Kalyan Rooftop & Indoor Restaurant, Yo ! China, Marky Momos, C’est bon patisserie and cafe, Green Chillies Restaurant, The Yellow Door: Global Veg Bistro and so on.

To cater to international tourists, there are also other multi cuisine restaurants and hotels in Jaipur where food lovers can have a taste of Mediterranean, Italian, Thai and various other cuisines. Some of the popular multi cuisine restaurants in the city are Jammie’s Kitchen, The Grand Peacock Restaurant, Australian Foods India Private Limited, The Forresta Kitchen & Bar, Nibs Cafe, Kaleidoscope, Café Hype, Sky Fall Restaurant, Rock The Salt, Cafe Bae, House of People, Cafe Lazy Mojo and so on.

The restaurants are popular centers of dining in Jaipur. Travellers can have a taste of wide range of mouthwatering menus matched with warm hospitality at these restaurants. Some of the popular delicacies that you can eat are Dal Bati Churma, Laal Maas, Mohan Maas, Ker Sangri, Gatte ki Khichdi, Dil Khushal, Boondo Raita, and so on.…

Chili’s Dining at A Good Discount

Of all the things Americans do to enjoy their time off, dining out is one of their most favored leisure activities. However, dining out can be a costly way to enjoy leisure time unless there is a restaurant special discount or some type of coupon to reduce the cost of dining out. That is why many Americans shop around to see what the they can find for the best dining deals before they decide what restaurant to eat dinner at. For people who love to dine out, there is nothing better than getting a good deal at a favorite restaurant.

Discount Dining

Most restaurant chains do offer discounts from time to time for diners and they usually draw a good crowd when they have them. However, since restaurant deals happen only occasionally, most diners look for outside discounts. These discounts are usually found through discount coupons which can often be found through a third-party coupon website or dining discount programs.

Over the years, both dining discount programs and third-party coupon websites have become more popular than ever before. Many of the coupon discount websites and dining discount programs skyrocketed in popularity when the economy was struggling over the last decade. However, even with a better economy there is no shortage of love for dining discounts. One of the more popular websites for dining discounts is Groupon because the discounts are usually pretty clean cut to understand and use allowing consumers to readily know exactly what they are getting for their money.

Chili’s

There are many great popular restaurant chains throughout the country. Most restaurant chains have their own special food focus or restaurant food niche. Of all the chains for casual dining, Chili’s has become one of America’s favorite restaurant chains for Tex-Mex food. With over 1600 restaurant locations the chain has become one of America’s most popular spots for casual dining with a flair for a bit of spice and BBQ.

Founded in Texas, Chili’s primary menu features include: Burgers, Ribs, Steak, Tacos, Quesadillas, Chicken dishes and Fajitas. They also have a full appetizer and dessert menu as well as a child’s menu which makes it a good choice for family dining.

The company’s menu has changed in the last year as they have started to focus more on a feature condensed Tex-Mex menu with various portion sizes and they still run specials to add a little flair for regular diners. The price range for Chili’s dinners are pretty reasonable with an average price under $12.00 which is a good casual dinner price. Chili’s does have its busier days on the weekends like most restaurants, diners can usually readily get a seat within a reasonable time. More information on can be obtained by going to Chilis.com.

Chili’s Discount Coupons

Diners who love Chili’s, can get great discounts through online discount websites such as Groupon and occasionally at dining discount programs. Diners who are seeking good discounts for Chili’s should always check discounts and verify if there are any …

Drinks To Stock In Your Home Bar – What You Need To Know

Before you dive straight in and buy every alcoholic beverage you can lay your hands on, it is worthwhile giving some thought to setting up your home bar. Take into account a few basic principles so you can save money while selecting the spirits and liqueurs that should satisfy most tastes.

A good starting point is thinking about your home bar as a reflection of your personal style and character, which includes the kinds of drinks you like to drink. Try not to fall into the trap of buying alcohol solely to impress your guests. If you start with your own preferences, you are less likely to overspend. It’s fine to start small, stocking up with the spirits and liqueurs you enjoy, as you can gradually build your selection for a home bar.

If you love cocktails, one tip is to stock up with their ingredients and expand from there. So if Margaritas and White Russians are your preferences, go for tequila and coffee liqueur. As for spirits, if you prefer gin over vodka, think about varying your gin selection. Think a bit laterally about your personal preferences, and you will find you have a good selection to please your guests.

Spirits

Liqueurs To Start

  • Vodka – it doesn’t have a strong aroma, so is versatile as a mixer.
  • Rum – go for the dark rums if making a punch, while light rum is good for cocktails.
  • Scotch – whatever your prefence, consider stocking a blend for mixing, and a single malt.
  • Bourbon – American whiskey is popular and mixes well.
  • Gin – popularity has gone stratospheric so you could vary selections.
  • Tequila – great for Margaritas!

  • Irish Cream Liqueur – a well loved and indulgent choice.
  • Amaretto – super versatile for cocktails like Alabama Slammer.
  • Vermouth – made for Martinis, the quintessential cocktail.
  • Coffee Liqueur – will keep your White Russian and Widow Maker guests happy.
  • Southern Comfort – Rhett Butler and Scarlett O’ Hara by cocktail.

Don’t Forget The Mixers

  • Ice – apologies for the obvious, but it’s an essential!
  • The Juices – Orange, Tomato, Lemon and Lime.
  • Cranberry – handy mixer for cocktails.
  • Sodas – club, tonic, colas, lemonade.

See your home bar as a work in progress, something to build on as you broaden your knowledge of cocktail recipes, for example. Design it as the expression of your personality, keeping the focus on the drinks that you like, as well as enjoying the process of seeing it develop into a working bar. If you are thinking of building a home bar, check out dawnvale for some great ideas, or get them in to help…

Getting Food To The Customers

Working around food often means that you’ll cater to the demands of customers in one way or another. There are times when you have to think fast while on your feet. If you work in a field that involves food, then consider a few tips that can make you a success and that can deliver tasty meals to those you serve.

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Always have a positive attitude when you’re working in a food services denver co business. There will likely be customers who will give you a hard time and those who will be more than demanding of the services that you offer when it comes to the food that is served, but you need to approach each person with a smile because the customer is usually right. Even if you are having a bad day, try to show that you care about the other employees and the customers as the effort that you display can often enhance your mood throughout the day. 

If there are issues that you see that should be corrected, you need to let your manager know about them. Any issues with other employees should be addressed as well. In order for a food business to be successful, there should be good communication as well as a clear order as to the food that is prepared and served. Create an air of stability that other employees will want to follow. This will also carry over to the customers you serve as they will see that you are able to stand on your own while preparing a variety of dishes. 

Try to plan ahead as much as possible. If you know that the menu will change each day, then you need to make sure customers know about the specials that are offered and when their favorite courses will be served again. Avoid changing the menu too much each day as it can become confusing to customers who do enjoy the regular dishes that are served. Make a list of the tasks that need to be completed each day whether it’s what to clean in the business or what to order so that there are enough supplies to cook with each day. When you see that business is increasing, consider hiring someone new to work who can take the load off of the workers who are currently there. This simple step can help to motivate everyone as they aren’t trying to complete every task on their own. 

Become innovative when you’re working with food. Transform each dish so that it becomes your own instead of one that is similar to other restaurants. If you offer something that has your unique flavors and touches, then you’ll see that more customers will at least be willing to try the items that are served. Each person should have their own tasks to complete and know what jobs they need to perform during the day instead of everyone standing around and waiting on a job. When everyone works together, then it will …

Christmas Baking Recipes – Creme Brulee

This rich custard dessert is real favorite during the holidays. You can use a small blow torch to brown the sugar, instead of the broiler.

4 cups heavy whipping cream

9 egg yolks

3/4 cup sugar

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Brown sugar

Directions

Preheat oven to 325 degrees.

In a large and heavy saucepan, heat the cream to exactly 180 degrees over medium heat; stir repeatedly.

Meanwhile, in a large bowl, whisk the egg yolks, sugar and vanilla. When the cream reaches a temperature of 180 degrees, slowly stir the cream into the egg yolk mixture.

Pour mixture into eight 6-ounce custard cups. Place the cups into a baking pan. Add 1-inch of boiling water to the pan. Bake uncoverted for 45 to 50 minutes or until a knife inserted into the center comes out clean. Take custard cups out of the pan.

Before serving, sprinkle each cup with brown sugar. Put the cups onto a baking sheet. Heat up the broiler. Broil 6-inches from the heat source for 3 to 5 minutes or until the sugar on top is carmelized. Serve immediately.

Makes 8 servings.

Christmas Baking Recipes: French Vanilla Cream Puffs

These elegant cream puffs are surprisingly easy to make.

1 cup water

1/2 cup butter

1 cup all purpose flour

1/4 teaspoon salt

4 eggs

Cream Puff Filling

Directions

Preheat oven to 400 degrees.

Prepare baking sheets with nonstick cooking spray.

In a saucepan, add butter to water and bring to a boil. Add in the flour and salt together; stir until a smooth ball forms. Remove from heat and let stand for 5 minutes.

Add the eggs, one at a time, beating well after each one. Beat until mixture is smooth and shiny.

Drop by round teaspoonfuls 2-inches apart onto prepared baking sheets. Bake for 20 to 25 minutes or until golden brown. Remove puffs to wire racks or plates. Immediately cut a slit into each puff to allow the steam to escape. Let puff cool.

Split puffs in two and remove the soft dough. Add filling.

Cream Puff Filling

1 1/2 cups cold milk

1 pkg. instant French vanilla pudding mix

1 cup whipped topping

1 pkg. miniature semisweet chocolate chips

Confectioners' sugar

Directions

In a bowl, beat the milk and pudding mix on low speed for 2 minutes. Let sit in the refrigerator for 5 minutes. Fold in the whipped topping and chocolate chips. Remove puff pastry tops. Fill each puff pastry with cream filling right before serving; put tops back on puff pastry. Dust each pastry with confectioners' sugar.

Christmas Baking Recipes: Banana Cream Brownie Dessert

An irresistibly decadent chocolate dessert.

1 pkg. fudge brownie mix

1 cup semisweet chocolate chips, divided

3/4 cup dry roasted peanuts, chopped and divided

3 medium firm bananas

1 2/3 cups cold milk

2 pkgs. instant vanilla pudding mix

1 (8 oz.) Carton frozen whipped topping, thawed

Directions

Preheat oven to 350 degrees.

Prepare a 13×9-inch baking pan with nonstick cooking spray.

Prepare brownie batter according to …

Cardoon a Seasonal, Yet Tasty Vegetable Grown and Originating Along the Mediterranean

Cooking with Cardoon, also pronounced and spelled (cardoni), A relative of the artichoke family, is great when made into stew and pressure cooked. Cardoon is one of the most overlooked vegetables – Related to the artichoke family and is a great vegetable, or side salad dish on its own, when slow- cooked with stew meat and potatoes, in its own gravy, it can be steam cooked to perfection! Grown infrequently, though available in Florida, for at least two weeks in October, it is of Spanish or Italian origin, originally harvested in the Mediterranean. Now more commonly eaten as our World becomes more culturally diverse. When cooked, cardoon is slightly crunchy and nutty in flavor.

To prepare your cardoon for cooking, clean, and remove excess skin and leaves and chop stalk slices, the size of half a pencil, cardoons look a lot like hard, lightly green celery. Trim the spines, peel the fibers, they may also resemble a giant thistle, for proper cooking, make sure that they have cooked to high heat for at least 30 minutes, this can be done in your pressure cooker, after the meat has cooked to softened desire texture.

Upon cleaning, add cold water and add the zest of two lemons, careful not to add the juice, set aside to keep the cardoon from getting too brown, before adding to your slow cooked meat.For cooking stew meat it is best to cook slowly.

To acquire the consistency for a flavorful gravy or sauce, begin by lightly browning chunks of beef stew meat, goat, or any meat that does well when slow cooked.

Upon rendering a nice brown color, I use a small amount of olive oil, just to attain the browning effect, next I add one large purple onion, or Spanish onion, chopped cilantro only, chopped parsley- removing and discarding the stems from each. Add pieces of peeled raw ginger, next add 3 garlic cloves, reaching the garlic oil that is locked inside by using a cheese grader to get to the oil. Add all of the remaining skin into the pan, next, add pieces of celery, chopped stalks, including the herb at the end of the stalk, salt, pepper, cumin, be generous with your cumin- delicious when added to meats, fish and even chicken dishes.

Add sliced raw chili peppers, add more cooking oil, as needed, to avoid scorching your meat and vegetables saute all of these vegetable. Next add a few cups of vegetable stock, to overflow, add a food spice called Sazon, one package, if desired. For added color, use saffron, a pricey spice, though there are affordable, imitation saffron food products, they work well too! Cook in a pressure cooker, checking the cooker every 20 minutes making sure that the cardoon does not over cook, after 18 minutes, add fresh peeled potatoes, around 5 medium-sized, cut in large pieces, close the pressure cooker- careful not to over cook potatoes.

Upon your last check of your pressure cooker, remove your steam attachment and …