Official Boston Baked Bean Recipe

Throughout its history, Boston has been linked to beans. Surely the lowly legume is not the sort of association city forefathers would have sought when striving to cast their city’s mark in the New World. But find each other they did — as evidenced by the names Beantown, Boston baked beans, Beanpot Hockey Tourney and the Boston bean pot, among others.

It hasn’t been until the 1900s, however, with its emphasis on healthy eating, that the homey image of a bubbling pot of beans has gained cache. Beans are of the moment, the very definition of what our food should be about — carbohydrate and fiber rich.

As anyone who’s ever done the cooking for a Boston ham-and-bean church supper will tell you: the ideal method for cooking beans is in a bean pot in the oven – to make Boston Baked Beans in the authentic old fashioned way. For that deliciously slow, sweetly fragrant baking, you want traditional pots and sturdy stoneware protecting your beans from burning or overcooking, while keeping them moist and tasty. This recipe embraces the traditional way of cooking authentic Boston baked beans.

OFFICIAL RECIPE for BOSTON BAKED BEANS

Serves 8

2-1/2 Quart Bean Pot Version

1 package (1 pound) navy or pea beans

1/4 pound salt pork, cut in 2 pieces

1 small whole onion, peeled

1 teaspoon dry mustard

8 cups water

1/3 cup molasses

1 teaspoon salt

1/2 teaspoon baking soda

3 tablespoons sugar

1/4 teaspoon pepper

1) Soak beans overnight in a large sauce pan in 6 cups of water. Add baking soda. Heat to boiling and simmer 10 minutes. Drain in colander over a large bowl. Save liquid.

2) Place beans, salt pork and onion in the bean pot. Add molasses, salt, sugar, dry mustard, pepper and a cup of water. Stir thoroughly. Add enough water to cover the beans. Cover the bean pot.

3) Bake 2 hours at 300 degrees. Add the rest of the water and stir again. Bake additional 1-1/2 hours (or until beans are tender). Uncover last 1/2 hour.…

Durability Difference Between Beech Wood And Rubber Wood For Restaurant Chairs

Durability is the ability of any product or thing to survive for longer period of time and not to wear out quickly. When we think of buying wooden chairs for restaurants, we need to get serious on the durability factor. These days, there are lots of cheap restaurant chairs being influx into the market. Their construction and style are similar; however, the quality of raw material is different. Historically, European Beech Wood is the industry standard and has been for the past 30 years. Beech wood offers numerous benefits for wood workers: it’s a heavier and dense wood, it’s easier to work with and it’s color and stain are relatively consistent. Only in the recent few years, rubber wood has made its way into the commercial market. Primarily used in economical home furniture, rubber wood has become increasingly common in the commercial furniture industry because of its lower pricing.

However, rubber wood restaurant chairs fall apart. This is not baloney. Once taken out of its native sub-tropical environment and exported to the US, the wood expands and contracts because of its innate absorption properties, thereby causing the frame to swell and contract and eventually break. Also, much like pine, rubber wood likes to move quite a bit. By moving, it refers to the way the wood likes to bend and twist. Chairs joints are susceptible to this problem.

The way you can tell the difference between rubber wood and beech wood is by its wood grain. Rubber wood has a complete absence of any grain whereas beech wood will have some wood grain. Rubber wood is not a very clear color wood and attempts to color it will result in some yellowish tints. Most of the time you will see rubber wood in some dark color that can mask the coloring. Lastly, wood rubber is lighter than beech wood. On a standard chair, it is about 2 lbs lighter. When you knock on wood, it sounds like your knocking on rubber.

If you are going into the furniture market, you need to give your special attention on the durability factor and should not forget to the furniture seller about the about the materials used to make the chair before purchasing. It is nothing but the material used in making furniture that always matters the most.

Many large restaurant chains use laminate tables because they are cheaper and more durable than solid wood tables. Solid wood tends to warp or level water rings, and will wear down after continuous chemical wears down the top coat.…

How to Naturally Treat Diarrhea in Dogs

It’s important to know that diarrhea is not an illness but a symptom of any number of problems that are interrupting the function of the large intestine.It is also important to identify the cause as trying to just suppress this symptom will only bring about short lived, temporary relief which may cause long term health implications. Once identified, different causes will require different treatments.

Diarrhea can be mild and self limiting, or very debilitating and even fatal. It may or may not be accompanied by gas and abdominal discomfort. If your dog is still happy, with good energy level, and doesn’t refuse water an acute episode of diarrhea may be the body’s attempt at internal cleansing and purging. If however the diarrhea persists for more than a few days, contains blood, if there is associated vomiting, your dog is becoming increasingly lethargic, and refuses to drink, please seek the advice from your veterinarian as soon as possible. With each passing day of chronic diarrhea nutrients are lost in the stool, which lowers your dog’s general vitality. Your dog may need to go on an IV for loss of fluids immediately if this is the case.

Causes and Contributing factors to diarrhea

A dog with chronic diarrhea and gas, and accompanying skin problems may be suffering from a food allergy. Frequent offenders are preservatives (ethoxyquin, propylene glycol), artificial flavouring and coloring, dyes, salt, sugar, fungi, bacteria, germs all found in commercial dog foods (read more about What’s Really in Your Dogs Food article). Most common foods that may cause allergy include: beef, beef by-products, corn and corn oil, fish, turkey, pork, ham, cows milk (lactose intolerance), yeast, eggs, wheat or any food containing these. Please note that all commercial tinned food and biscuits, treats all contain sugar, salt, corn and wheat. Unless diet is strictly addressed, ongoing diarrhea may continue presenting.

Consider also the following contributing factors diarrhea may be due to:

• stress and anxiety

• over eating

• high fat diet

• vaccinations (due to meat extract that certain vaccines are grown in, thus long term leading to sensitivities and autoimmune disorders)

• undiagnosed IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

• leaky gut syndrome (intestinal dysbiosis/ hyper permeability)

• a foreign body ingestion

• gastritis, colitis (intestinal inflammation)

• the pancreas and/or liver failing to produce enzymes properly or sufficiently

• food poisoning

• excess vitamin C

• bacteria, virus (i.e. parvovirus, distemper)

• parasites i.e. worms

• drug related complication (most drugs are residual and are never completely eliminated as in the waste from food but are stored up in the body)

• side effect of certain drugs (i.e. antibiotics)

• liver disease

• pancreatitis,

• stomach ulcer

• cancer

• could also indicate that the liver and kidneys are overwhelmed with toxins that they are unable to process which leads to purging i.e. diarrhea.

Helpful suggestions to relieve diarrhea

The most beneficial initial step is to put your dog on a liquid fast. Withhold all solid food and only …

Best Birthday Party Ideas: A Birthday Idea Generator? How Cool!

The Party Planning was going nowhere.

In sheer exasperation the hostess yelled:

“I don’t need your help, your money, or your advice.

Just give me an IDEA!!”

Smiling, you handed her your Birthday Idea Generator. The tears of joy were instant.

A Birthday Idea Generator…what an idea.

An idea on its own will not guarantee you a cool birthday. We find people simply think that the idea will solve all their headaches. Or that the idea comes with a how to manual, unlimited budget and an army of workers at your command! Some do, it’s true. They usually cost a bomb and take months to get together. Is that you? Read on it will be of use. If it’s not you, then READ ON WITH EXTREME INTEREST.

“Where did you get that idea from??”

It’s a great question! The answer is equally great,

maybe a touch cheeky.

I farm them.

Huh?

Seriously. And by the time you have read this article

you will be farming as well. Got your plough ready? Giddy-up!

In no order I think the following 10 methods of Farming

Ideas work the best. I do this every week, so that when it’s time I’m ready.

Create an Idea Finder

This could be a ring folder, a journal, a blog or a brain dump page on a web

site. The more 3D it is I find the better it is to show others and scratch

additional info on. You can scribble, glue cut-outs, sketch, alter ads in

papers, play with words, brainstorm gift ideas…and on and on. Whatever you

need to help you remember that spark!. My favorite way is to have an artists

sketch book 120pages, thick paper, spiral bound, $5. Every thought, idea,

cartoon, concept, whatever!, goes in it. I’ll chew threw about 6 per year!

Personalize it and make it part of your daily life.

Magazines

They are everywhere and the pages are full of ads or content done — usually —

by professionals who get paid huge money to do this. Surf off their creativity

and ability to put their ideas in graphic or text. Think about when you are

killing time at the doctors waiting for an appointment, or at the mall in the

food court. Down time is a goldmine!

Junk Mail.

Yep, you heard me correctly. Before it gets binned, scan it, consider it and

file it. Total time: a minute or two tops! And you’ll get faster as your

birthday idea generator brain recognizes what’s valuable.

Look in the mirror!

How easy. Right there in your bathroom. You are full of experiences. Look at you

and look around you. Your hopes, dreams, aspirations. You are SO MUCH MORE THAN

WHAT LOOKS BACK AT YOU IN THE MIRROR. Visits your internal world for priceless

ideas.

Movies, Books, TV, Anything..

Imagine this.. the re-creation of a scene from a Jeffery Archer (UK) novel : two

champion snooker players play-off for a $50,000 dollar prize necklace. True

Story from …

How Does Exercise Help in Keeping Your Digestive System Healthy?

For overall health and fitness you need a well balanced diet and exercise. Among the innumerable benefits, exercise helps to tone your muscles, protects you from dangerous diseases like cancer, heart attack, and blood pressure. Exercise plays an important role in keeping your digestive system healthy and strong.

In order to digest food efficiently, you need to have a strong digestive system as well. If the food is not digested properly, it can lead to:

– Gastro intestinal problems

– Acidity

– Acid reflux or Gerd

– Heartburn

– Heaviness

– Constipation

– Bad breath

To overcome such problems related to the digestive system, you need to adapt a lifestyle and eating habits that will make you fit and healthy. Food plays a very important role in your overall health. Right eating habits and proper exercise will definitely result in good health condition. Doctors often report that several digestive disorders arise because of lack of exercise. While exercising, your heart beat rate and breathing rate are increased and thereby the muscles that support the digestive tract also get toned and result in good bowel movements. Several exercise regimes like yoga, aerobics, boot camp workouts demand changes in your eating habits as well.

Your digestive system is made up of several organs like esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, gall bladder, small intestine and large intestine. The normal time for digestion of the food is usually 24 hours to 72 hours. Exercising helps to improve the digestion process.

There are several forms of exercise that really help you to strengthen your digestive system.

Yoga

Yoga, one of the ancient systems that help you to achieve a balance of physical and mental health, works superbly for digestive problems as well. There are several asanas or yogic postures that concentrate mainly to improve the digestive system. Yogasanas or postures that comprise of twists and forward bends tone the digestive muscles and stomach, help to eliminate gas that causes stomach pain, acidity, heart burn and heaviness. Yogic postures that are exclusively meant for improving digestive system enhance blood circulation to the stomach thereby improving the digestive capacity of the stomach. Several digestive disorders can be treated and diabetes, which results with the malfunctioning of pancreas, can also be prevented by specific yogic postures. The important yogic postures that aim to assist in improving the digestive system are wind relieving pose, supported child’s pose, revolved abdomen pose, bound angle pose.

Yogasanas or yogic postures result in calming your mind. Relaxation also helps in improving the digestive capability of your stomach.

Breathing

Several breathing exercises or pranayama also aim to strength your digestive system in a subtle manner. Deep breathing exercises help in eliminating toxins from your body.

Boot camp workout

In a boot camp workout, the stomach muscles are strengthened, your stamina levels are increased and the body metabolism rate also goes up. For performing boot camp workouts, you need extremely high levels of stamina and energy.

Whatever exercise regime you may follow, you need to remember …

Beer Making Technique – Step by Step Guide on How to Make Beer

MALTING

Balley Conversion

In order to be fermented by yeast, the food reserve of barley, starch must be converted by enzymes into simple sugars. Two enzymes, a- and b- amylases, carry out the conversion. The latter is present in barley – but the former is made only during germination of the grain.

Steeping

Malting begins by immersing barley harvested at less than 12 percent moisture in water at 120 to 150C (550 + 600) for 40 to 50 hours. During this steeping period, the barley may be drained and given air rests, or the steep may be forcibly aerated. As the grain imbibes water, its volume increases by about 25 percent, and its moisture content reaches about 45 percents. A white roots heath, called a chit, breaks through the husk, and the chitted barley is then removed from the steep for germination.

Germination

Activated by water and oxygen, the root embryo of the barley corn secretes a plant hormone called gibberellic acid, which initiates the synthesis of a- amylase. The a- and b- amylases then convert the starch molecules of the corn into sugars that the embryo can use as food. Other enzymes, such as the proteases and b- glucanases, attack the cell wall around the starch grains, converting insoluble proteins and complex sugars (called glucans) into soluble amino acids and glucose.

Kilning

Green malt is dried to remove most of the moisture, leaving 5 percent in lager and 2 percent in traditional ale malts. This process arrests enzyme activity but leaves 40 to 60 percent in an active state. Curing at higher temperatures promotes a reaction between amino acids and sugars to form melanoidins, which give both colour and flavour to malt.

In the first stage of kilning, a high flow of dry air at 500C (120F) for lager malt and 650C (1500F) for ale malt is maintained through a bed of green malt. This lowers the moisture content from 45 to 25 percent. A second stage of drying removes more firmly bound water, the temperature rising to 700 – 750 (1600 – 1700F) and the moisture content falling to 12 percent. In the final curing stage the temperature is raised to 750 – 900C (1700 – 1950F) for lager and 900 to 1050C for ale. The finished malt is then cooled and screened to remove root lets.

MASHING

Milling

For efficient extraction with water, malt must be milled. Early milling processes used stones driven manually or by water or animal power, but modern brewing uses mechanically driven roller mills. The design of the mill and the gap between the rolls are important in obtaining the correct reduction in size of the malt. The object is to retain the husk relatively intact while breaking up the brittle modified starch into particles.

Mixing the Mash

The milled malt, called grist, is mixed with water, providing conditions in which starch, other molecules, and enzymes are dissolved and rapid enzyme action takes place. The solute-rich liquid produced in mashing is called the …

Cheerios For Fish Food – How to Feed Fish

What is the best fish food for your pets and or for your tropical showcases of salt water fish? Everyone has a different opinion about this one. But some have chosen their fish food merely by what the pet store tells them. That really limits you and limits your fish. If you are looking to grow, large, healthy, creative and unusually happy fish, then you need to go one step above what the fish guy tells you.

First you decide the purpose for your fish, the reason why you purchased them or obtained them other ways and then after you figure out your purpose, you can then figure out the proper food for them. Do you want regular, tiny fish swimming in the tank, run of the mill fish? Or do you want prize fish, fish that look a little bigger, fish that are a little more happier? Do you want to see your fish run to the top of the tank to get their old, dried fish food or do you want them to eat more like they eat out in nature, in the wild, by hunting for their own food, and getting that exercise that this hunting gives to them?

If you want the more natural feeding, then you would choose , live food. Next step below that would be frozen food that was once live and last but not least, is that dried food or flake food that comes in those round cylinders.

Here are things to consider when buying fish food:

1. Are your fish bottom feeders or top feeders? Bottom feeders might enjoy food that will drop to the bottom and or float-either way. Buy some Tubifex live worms. The pet store guy will have these in the refrigerator there. They look like brownish, reddish messy ball of tiny string worms. They smell horribly but I gather the fish love this. If you drop a small ball in the tank your fish will scurry up to get them immediately.

2. If you have salt water fish or tropical fish, you might want to try live brine shrimp as their meals. Of course you can supplement any fish meals with dried or flake food also.

You can purchase brand name food or no-frills food and your fish will survive just as well. So , how do I know this? I was raising some feeding fish once, and I ran out of fish food. So I crushed some Cheerios between my fingers and I fed the fish that food. They loved it, thrived on it so I never went back to using regular fish food. These fish grew big, from tiny little feeding fish. So my Cheerios were successful. Do not try anything that I write about as this was my own experience and I cannot guarantee it works for you or your particular kind of fish. IF you were going to experiment with this, you might begin by using your regular fish food and supplementing with …

How to Make Boilies for Carp Fishing: Equipment, Ingredients and Process

Catching carp on bait that you’ve rolled yourself is a very exciting part of carp fishing and very rewarding. Rolling your own carp bait can be as simple or as complex as you want it to be. In this article I’m going to take you through the equipment and process I have used to make Blue Oyster boilies using Nutrabaits’ base mix and liquid.

Equipment

The equipment listed here will enable you to prepare a 10kg batch of finished bait in approximately 3 hours and is what I use to make my own carp bait.

  • Large mixing bowl
  • Fork
  • Weigh scales
  • 1 x set of measuring spoons with 2.5 to 5ml capacity
  • Large ziploc bag
  • A cloth
  • Large wooden chopping/preparation board
  • Gardner Tackle Rolaball Baitmaster, Giant Size, mounted to a flip table
  • A tray or bucket to catch baits when they are done
  • 13kg gas cylinder and large triple ring burner
  • Large 50 litre capacity cooking pot with lid
  • Large strainer basket large enough to fill the cooking pot
  • 4 x air dry trays (300 x 600mmx 40mm deep)
  • 1kg capacity pneumatic boilie gun with nozzle cut to the correct size
  • 1 x 50 litre air compressor

Ingredients

  • A sack or tub of Blue Oyster Base mix (you’ll need about 6.5 kg to make 10 kg of bait)
  • A bottle of blue oyster liquid (you’ll need about 80ml to make 10kg of bait)
  • 60 medium sized fresh eggs (to make 10kg of bait)
  • A bottle of regular cooking oil (I use rapeseed but you can use hempseed or salmon oil for extra flavour)

3-stage process to make your own boilies

Stage 1: Prepare the bait mix

1. Fill the cooking pot half full with tap water, place on the burner and light all three rings. Place the strainer basket inside and cover with the lid. Using a lid on the pot will reduce the time and gas consumed as well as eliminate draughts from the burner.

2. Connect the boilie gun to the compressor and pressurize the compressor reservoir to 100psi.

3. Place the mixing bowl on the scales, press tare and weigh 500gr of mix. Set the mix to one side

4. Empty the bowl of base mix and crack 6 eggs into the mixing bowl. Beat for 30 seconds with the fork till smooth.

5. Add 7.5ml of Blue Oyster liquid to the eggs and whisk together to fully incorporate the liquid into the eggs.

6. Set aside and check the temperature of the water. You can continue when you estimate that the water is hot enough to come to the boil within the next 5 minutes.

7. Now add the 500 grams of base mix; don’t add it all in one go, aim for 450 grams, verify the mix consistency and add the balance as required. Use the fork to incorporate the mix into the eggs.

8. The mix is ready when it is stiff enough to form a large ball, no longer sticks to your hands …

Important Tips to Know Before Living Aboard a Boat and Dropping Out of the Rat Race

Many people have thought about dropping out of the rat race and retire to a live aboard boat in order to experience the simpler life and travel to exotic places. There are many benefits associated with this type of lifestyle, and waking up in the morning to the smell of the salt air and friendly neighborhood tropical birds looking for their morning breakfast in your backyard are definitely in the top two! Once you’ve made the decision to live aboard a boat, then there are several more choices that you need to decide on.

What type of boat will it be, a mono-hull or a catamaran? What is the length of hull that you’re looking for? How much money are you prepared to invest into the boat and where will you dock it? There will be so much less space than what you’re used to in a house, and storage places will come at a premium. Some boats have more space than others, and you will soon find that out when you start attending boat shows around the country or world. How much comfort are you willing to give up for a life of adventure on the high seas?

Mono-hulls are normally what people think of when boating comes to mind, but they do have plenty of drawbacks. They have a deep keel in order to help as ballast and to keep the vessel upright, which is highly useful if you are out on the ocean! But because of this keel, there will also be a great amount of rocking and rolling from side to side as waves hit the boat. If you aren’t used to this motion, you could very well end up with a bad case of sea sickness that will spoil your cruise. Mono-hulls do tend to have more space onboard for living and storage however, because the shape of the hull is very conducive to that in relation to depth. You will immediately realize though, that the width or beam leaves much to be desired and is often narrower with regard to the total length.

In my opinion the hull of choice is the catamaran, which is a much wider or beamy vessel, and some of the larger boats are so stable in rough weather that a champagne glass sitting on the galley table will not tip or fall over! The ideal length for a cruising catamaran to comfortably accommodate a married couple is anywhere from 36 feet to 55 feet, and the price goes up quite a bit each foot that is added on. A catamaran is designed to sit on top of the water more than a mono-hull, and is usually much wider in beam. For example, the typical 50 foot mono-hull might have a 12 -16 foot beam, but a 50 foot catamaran might have a 26 – 30 foot beam! This really leads to stability in very rough seas, with a huge reduction in the side to side rolling of the mono-hulls. …

Cleaning Grills – The Good and Bad Sides of Dirty Grills

Firing up the outdoor grill for an al fresco taste of food can be exciting. However, some folks cook on a grimy grill in view that dirt and bacteria will be eliminated by the heat of the grill. But, who wants to eat a fish cooked on a grate covered in last week’s dinner? Other than that, cooking on a dirty grill can impair the taste of any food. It is unsanitary and unappetizing and is completely discouraged.

Cleaning your grill does not need to be immaculately done, though, you just have to make sure it will not be loaded with fungus, mold, yeast, and bacteria that can grow and multiply in the grill. What you put in your grill is bacteria’s favorite food – raw meat. In fact, it’s not advisable to reuse the marinade that you had raw ribs, chicken or seafood soaking in as it contains bacteria that could not be killed by the heat of the grill.

The way to clean a grill depends on whether it uses charcoal or gas. But generally, you can place the cooking grates in a pan of hot, soapy water and degrease with a dish detergent. Scrub the cooking surfaces with a plastic brush or scouring pad. For deeply-embedded dirt, sprinkling it with baking soda before scrubbing can be helpful. Rinse well and let dry. After the grill has dried, wipe the cooking grates with oil. This acts as a stabilizer and will help keep food from sticking.

Like any cookware, grills should also be cleaned after every use because cleaning is easiest this way. While the grill is cool enough to touch, it makes it easier to scrub and remove food particles. Leaving it to cool with the burnt food stuffs on makes the job much more difficult. But again, washing your grill to get rid of left food particles and the ash out are very important, but the inside doesn’t have to be aridly oil-free. The seasoned black “dirty-looking” grate can help protect it between cooking, protecting and arming you against dreaded rust.

Like a good cast iron grill pan, regular grilling seasons the inside of the grill providing a good layer of seasoning which makes it easier to hold at a specific temperature over a very dry grill. If you have ever tried to use a regular grill as smoker to make some barbecue, you know how important this is. If you constantly want to get your grill grates super clean, start up a fire as normal, leaving the cooking grates off of the grill. Once the fire is blazing hot, cover the top side of the cooking grates with aluminum foil, then position the grate over the hot coals. Cover the grill and let the grates heat up for about five minutes. The foil traps in heat and super heats the bars, crumbling away burnt on food and grease.

If grilling provides for a wholesome diet, grilling the food in a clean grill provides maximum flavor …