What Are the Warning Signs of Pneumonia You Should Know

Pneumonia is an inflammation and subsequent infection of the lungs. It can cause difficulty with breathing, produce a cough and cause chest pain. Pneumonia can affect either one or both of your lungs and various forms exist of the disease. It is known that the most common cause of pneumonia is a pulmonary infection associated with viruses or gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria. Some infectious agents that share both the similarities of viruses and bacteria can also cause pneumonia.

Aspiration pneumonia is caused by the inhalation of foreign materials: liquids, dust particles, chemical fumes and other irritants. This type of pneumonia mostly common affects small children, but adults are not immune to it, because they have inhaled either vomit or food. The symptoms of Aspiration pneumonia are not always intense and may disappear within a few days, but in rare cases the aspiration of either food or vomit can result in respiratory arrest and death. The main symptoms of Aspiration pneumonia include: a dry cough, chest pain and soreness, wheezing during normal breathing, and difficulty in breathing. It is advisable to see your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.

Viral pneumonia is very common form of pneumonia affecting children, teenagers and the elderly. It can sometimes be mistaken for either the flu or a cold. Viral pneumonia presents the following symptoms: inflammation of the throat, productive or non-productive cough, a swelling in the lymph nodes, chest discomfort during breathing, mild to severe headache and a generalized feeling of fatigue. The cough may or may not produce varying amounts of mucus. You may also experience a mild fever and chills.

Bacterial pneumonia is a more severe form and can produce symptoms that are more intense. The bacterial forms of pneumonia seem to be more common in adults and those who have a weak immune system. Bacterial pneumonia can cause symptoms such as: a high fever, sweating excessively, a productive (mucus-producing) cough, SOB (shortness of breath), chest discomfort and pain (a feeling of soreness when breathing), nausea with abdominal pain, muscular pain and a pronounced body weakness. A critical symptom of Bacterial pneumonia is cyanosis, which is a bluish coloring on the lips and fingernail beds, because of inadequate blood oxygenation. Also the person may cough up a greenish to brown-colored mucus. There may also be traces of blood in more advanced stages.

Walking pneumonia or Mycoplasma pneumonia can be hit anyone, as your health condition and age do not matter. This type of pneumonia is generally mild. It can produce symptoms of: a cough with mucus, some chest pain from excessive coughing, difficulty with your breathing, mild headache and fatigue. You may also experience a slight fever, the chills, nausea, abdominal discomfort and vomiting. Walking Pneumonia tends to develop slowly and you may not experience any of the symptoms until several weeks after becoming infected. Although this type of pneumonia is not really considered to be serious, it is strongly advised that you see your doctor if you experience any …

A Holistic Vet’s Guide to Pet Food, Part I – Who’s in Charge?

In 2007, when thousands of pets were sickened or killed by pet food contamination, and the recalls went on for months, the pet food industry claimed that it was highly regulated and therefore trustworthy. Clearly, that was then and still is not true. There are regulations that apply to pet food, but nearly all of them apply only to the post-production period-that is, labels, marketing, and advertising. What goes into pet food and how it is made is virtually unregulated. And yet, the labels can provide a great deal of information about that very process, tell you about the quality of the food, and help you decide which ones to avoid and which are the best and healthiest food for your pets.

Despite all the “small print” and vague terms on the average pet food label, the rules governing pet food labels are actually quite simple. Once you know these few basic rules, you’ll be scanning the label like a pro and actually understanding what it says, what it means, and whether it’s good for your pet.

First, let’s take a look at who makes the rules. There are two primary groups involved: state governments and the federal government. At the federal level, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are involved. At the state level, the state agriculture department in most states (a different department in a few states) designates one or more of its feed control officials–the folks that inspect all animal feed, including pet food–to participate. The body to which these representatives belong is called the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). AAFCO is not itself a regulatory body and does not do any tests or enforce any laws.

Every year, AAFCO has meetings to discuss potentially needed changes, and publishes a book containing everything an animal feed or pet food maker needs to know: what nutrient levels are needed in a food, the rules governing labels, and how to conduct tests. These are “model” regulations that can then be adopted by the states, where they then become law. Only about half the states have actually adopted the AAFCO rules; and several others have something similar on the books. However, in order to ship nationally, all major pet food companies follow the AAFCO guidelines in order to avoid problems when the inspectors check out their foods.

There is a lot of confusion about AAFCO, and many writers have accused the organization of being “the fox guarding the henhouse” because their book lists not only the government officials, but also a long list of “advisors” from the industry, including many pet food companies. However, these advisors are basically just lobbyists; they do have some influence with the officials, just like any government lobbyist, but they don’t make the rules. The state and federal representatives are the only voting members with power to change the rules. AAFCO takes its consumer protection role seriously and has rejected many attempts by the pet …

5 Kitchen Tools That Make Life Easier

Want to cook like the professional chefs you see on TV? It starts with having the right tools for the job – and in this case the job is cooking. Every cook needs a core set of utensils to use to prepare his meals But, in addition to this core set, there are other items, that while not mandatory, make life easier in the kitchen.

Basting brushes – these are used to baste meats, cooked vegetables, and so on with fat, stock, or some other liquid. This is not a necessary tool because you can baste with a spoon – as many home cooks regularly do. A brush does, however, let you baste with the liquids in a more even fashion. In addition, a bush lets you "paint" the liquid into places that would be hard to reach with a spoon.

Vegetable brush – nobody likes to eat dirty vegetables. Many cooks like to clean vegetables such as carrots and potatoes by scraping off their skin and rinsing them under water. But some cooks that are really into healthy eating, use organic vegetables and hate throwing away what they consider to be an essential part of the vegetable. In many vegetables the skin has more nutrients than the other parts of the plant. In addition, it contains roughage which is good for you. These cooks will simply use a vegetable brush to clean the dirt off the skin.

Tongs – old time cooks do not need these, they do just fine using forks. For the less experience cook, however, tongs will make it easy to remove those pieces of chicken from the fryer. You'll find them very helpful as a reasonable replacement for your hands. When a piece of food has cooked on one side, instead of using your hands and fingers to turn the food, use your tongs instead.

Kitchen shears – are a very under appreciated utensil. These are simply heavy duty scissors and they are especially adept at opening electronic products that seem to be always sold in those rigid packages that are almost impossible to open by hand without injuring yourself. But they're also good for their primary purpose in cutting chicken bones and the like. But buy ones that are ergonomic in design. You'll find that they're a lot easier on your hands.

Food Mill – this is a fun utensil. It's ideal for making foods like sauces, jams, baby foods, and even mashed potatoes. You place foods such as tomatoes, potatoes, and so on in the top bowl, turn the handle. The food is ground down into fine pieces, pressed through a base sieve, to produce a lump free product. Everything you can do with a food mill, you can do using other tools, but you probably will not have as much fun.

As you can see – none of the items on this list are absolutely mandatory. And yet, millions of each product are sold every year in the stores. That's because, even …

Pet Natural Health Care – Try This For Hot Spots

According to Dr. Andrew Jones, DVM, hot spots, or Acute Moist Dermatitis, are on the rise with more and more dogs, cats and various other species of pets needing help with hot spots. Dr. Jones verifies that the most common cause of re-curring hot spots is allergies. Weeding out the cause of the allergy can often take some time leaving behind the problem of hot spots. In the field of pet natural health care, this new natural remedy just may do the trick.

Dr. Jones has been testing out this rather new hot spot natural remedy, putting it to the test and finding it’s potential one to be shared with all pet owners particularly those of dogs and cats.

First, lets start with the basic pet natural health care for hot spots, how to care for the wound, and an already known natural remedy so that all readers can benefit from this information not only those who have been down this road before.

It is important to know that when it comes to natural remedies whether for you or your pet, you may need to try several different remedies, and there are usually more than just one, as nature is full of medicinal valuable qualities. Each pet in it’s breed is unique and what works for one may or may not work for another. Therefore, always try more than just one remedy if the first doesn’t take hold.

Signs Itchy, oozing, red painful area on the skin that has an odor.

Causes A local area of bacterial infected hair follicles that mostly form in the summer months. The skin can become infected by any scratch or wound causing the hot spot to form. Most common cause is some type of skin allergy.

PET NATURAL HEALTH CARE SOLUTIONS

Remove hair

Removing hair on and around the hot spot should be your first step. It is very important in order to let the skin breath, helping the hot spot to heal. Be sure to use a blunt end scissor such as nose hair scissors. Be as gentle as you can, because the hot spot area is painful and your pet will feel discomfort just from the hair being cut.

Clean the Wound

It is very important that you clean the wound by using a MILD, non perfumed antiseptic soap to clean. Use a cotton ball and gently dab the wound with the cleaner. Be sure to rinse well and not leave any soap residue behind.

Tea and Aspirin

The key to healing the hot spot is to get it to dry out and there are some very powerful natural aids that can do this and are probably already in your kitchen. One of them is black tea and the other is aspirin. Make a strong cup of black tea and dissolve an aspirin in it. Immerse a clean cloth in this solution and apply it to the hot spot for minutes. Do this four times a day.

The New Remedy – Apple

Keep Your Fruit Fresh With a Vacuum Food Sealer

When you are paying so much for fruit, you want to keep them as fresh as possible. You may not know how to do that or what kinds of equipment you may need for it. Why not try a vacuum food sealer.

When you want your veggies or fruit, you may not think about keeping them good for a longer period of time. This is because you are just thinking about what you want to eat right now and not about what you could be in for later. If you do not think about this, you could be in for a lot of money going down the drain in the end.

A good way to start is to put your vegetables in their own bags for vacuum sealing, this way they will stay fresher better and you will have some kind of system. Once you have each different kind of vegetable in its own bag, you are free to use them without hurting any other kind of veggie in the bunch. You will be able to keep the nasty stuff out of your vegetables and that will help them to stay good.

If you want to keep your fruit tasting good, then a vacuum sealed bag is going to be a great idea as well. This is because you are keeping all of the air out of the bag so that your fruit stays good and you will be able to eat them later on down the road. You may want to think about keeping your fruits separate from each other so that you are not letting them all get into the air and getting bad at the same time. A vacuum sealing system is a great way to keep your fruit and vegetables tasting good for the long haul.

A vacuum sealer is something that anyone can use for their fruits and vegetables keeping needs. You may not think that you are going to be able to use it for your fruit and things, but it really is easy and great to do. If you are not sure about these vacuum sealers, then you can try one that runs on a battery system instead of a plug in one. This way you will not be so intimidated by the process of vacuum sealing. Take some time and find the one that is good for your needs. That way, you will have fun even as you are keeping your food fresh. …

What Stable Equipment Do I Need To Care For My Horse?

When you own a horse, there’s some basic equipment you need to have around. Most of this is designed to keep your horse’s stable clean, tidy and safe. You’ll also need containers for food and water. This article looks at some of the essential equipment required to keep your horse’s stable clean and tidy, and the basic feeding equipment you’ll need.

Stable Equipment

In terms of maintaining your horse’s stable, you’ll need:

  • A Wheelbarrow – With endless uses around the stable and yard, but perfect for mucking out and transporting stuff (make sure you get a reasonably big one!).
  • A Metal Fork – For mucking out and fluffing up bedding. If you use shavings, make sure you get a shavings fork as they’re specifically designed for this job.
  • A Stable Broom – Essential for tidying and cleaning. You’ll also need a scrubbing brush for thorough stable cleans.
  • A Rake – For cleaning out stables, metal ones are more resilient than plastic ones.
  • A Shovel – Again for mucking out, sometimes a fork alone is not enough!
  • Buckets – Like wheelbarrows, these have many uses. For example transporting water, bathing wounds, and carrying things like grooming kit.
  • Disinfectant – It is essential to maintain a high standard of hygiene and cleanliness in the stable for the health of both horses and humans. Specialist cleaning detergents and disinfectants that have been developed for this purpose are widely available.
  • Hooks, Rug Rails, Racks and Saddle Racks – With all the equipment required to care for a horse, it’s sensible to have storage in place to ensure everything stays tidy.

Feeding Equipment

  • Water and Feed Buckets/Troughs – These can be pretty much any buckets, barrels or tubs. If they’re to be left in the stable, plastic or rubber flexible tubs are ideal as they are soft and won’t break if knocked over or trampled on. You’ll probably need at least two for water and two for food.
  • Hay Nets and Haylage Nets – Available in a range of sizes, these can be hung up in your horse’s stable, so they can help themselves as and when they fancy. Haylage nets have smaller holes than hay nets, to encourage your horse to feed at a slower pace.
  • Feed Scoops & Stirrers – For measuring, mixing and serving up feeds, these are really handy to have around.

This article covers the basics of what is required in terms of stable equipment. As with all horse equipment, it’s always a good idea to speak to horse owners to get their views on what they use, and what they’d recommend. Good stable management is essential for both your horse’s and your own health and safety, and having the right tools for the job will definitely help with that.…

The Best Diet For Diverticulitis

What Are Diverticula?

As humans age, they often develop increased pressure in their colon. This pressure is often caused by increasing episodes of constipation. As the pressure is applied to the colon, over time, small tissue pockets or sacs develop outward from the wall of the colon. These sacs are called diverticula. The singular is diverticulum.

The diverticula most commonly occur in the lower 1/3 of the colon, in the area known as the sigmoid colon.

There is no known, specific biological purpose for diverticula. They are simply an anomaly that occurs with age and increasing colonic pressure. The biological reason for the development of diverticula is merely the weakening of the colon as a person ages.

The development of diverticula in the colon is known as “diverticulosis.” When they become inflamed, the condition is called “diverticulitis.”

What Causes The Diverticula To Become Inflamed?

When small particles of difficult to digest food become trapped in the diverticula, they tend to rub on the walls of the colon and develop a very small lesion or ulcer. This small ulcer becomes inflamed and can often react unfavorably to bacteria, which is highly populous in this area.

Once the bacteria enters the picture, the diverticula become very inflamed, swollen and painful. When inflammation occurs, the next step is rupture. If a diverticulum ruptures, the result can be peritonitis or infection of the interior gut, causing severe abdominal pain and tenderness, vomiting, fever and diarrhea, as well as some other serious symptoms.

The ultimate result of this diverticulitis is often serious surgical intervention. This surgery, called a “colon resection”, is the actual “cutting out” of affected diverticula. Once this surgery is performed it is essential for the patient to avoid further episodes as the next step is often the application of a colostomy or the removal of a large portion of the colon and the production of an abdominal “stoma” or hole in the gut from which defecation occurs.

The most effective and widely used preventative treatment for diverticulitis is the diverticulitis diet.

What Is A Diverticulitis Diet?

A diverticulitis diet is simply one that seeks to accomplish two tasks:

1) It prevents the further introduction of foods that have small, difficult to digest particles such as fibrous fruits or vegetables.

2) It lowers the pressure on the gut and allows the colon to rest as much as possible.

What Are The Most Common Diverticulitis Diets?

The most common diet used during acute episodes of the condition is what as known as a “low residue” diet. With this type of diet, fiber is reduced as much as possible because fiber particles can get into the diverticula and cause additional inflammation. The elimination of fiber allows the gut the flow and rest. It rests because fiber causes the bowel to move. Without much fiber, the colon tends to have less peristaltic action, which is the undulating movement that causes feces to move along through the colon. The lack of peristaltic action, unfortunately often leads to …

Best Grilling Times For T Bone Steak

Ask every meat-lover you know and steak will definitely be one of their favorites. True enough, steaks such as porterhouse or T-bone captures the heart of every carnivore due to its rich taste and great flavor. On the other hand, eating and enjoying steak is different than actually cooking one. In fact, many people are having a hard time grilling that perfect steak at hand. With this problem in mind, we are about to reveal the best grilling times for T Bone steak as well as other tips for every known enthusiast.

Indeed, there is no satisfying meal than mashed potatoes and a huge piece of steak. Add some gravy and you are bound to one gastronomical feast. With regards to proper cooking, all you have to remember are the following:

First, to grill that perfect and juicy steak, you have to equip yourself with the right and proper cooking equipment. Be it a charcoal or electric grill, the key to having the best steak in town always starts with preparation of materials and ingredients. As for the grilling times for T Bone steak, here is a simple guideline. For T-Bone steaks that are 3/4 inches thick, the best cooking time would be from 10 to 12 minutes. As for the 1″ thick T-Bone, the suggested grilling time would be 14 to 16 minutes.

These suggested times are great tips for beginners, especially if you are not that skilled in cooking. It is also best to concentrate on cooking your steak separately before adding other ingredients such as vegetables. In this case, you do not have to focus on two things at once and multi-task. When following these grilling times for T Bone steak, remember that 1-1/2 inches thick meats are supposed to be placed on racks that are about 4 inches above the heat. It is also recommended to allot 2 to 3 minutes per side of cooking to achieve desired doneness.

Another great tip is that you have to make sure that your coals are medium hot. It is also best to use tongs in turning meats to avoid eventual loss of juices. Marinating the meats beforehand is also preferred, as this helps in adding flavor and taste. Suggested grilling times for T Bone steak, meanwhile are also helpful reminders to avoid overcooking of desired meat pieces.

As a general rule, a beginner should remember to prepare his materials, ingredients and food items before grilling. Estimated times are usually interpreted by grilling one side of the steak until brown if not half the suggested time for grilling. From there, you can now turn the meat over and continue cooking. Grilling times for T Bone steak can definitely help you in perfecting the art of cooking steaks. And while many tips and suggestions are welcome, using your own judgment is still necessary in achieving what seems to be the perfect, juicy and delicious T Bone come dinner.…

The Fish We Cook – Orange Roughy and Mahi Mahi

ORANGE ROUGHY

Sometimes called deep sea perch, red roughy or pacific golden roughy, the orange roughy is caught in the seas off New Zealand sometimes at depths of up to 3300 feet. It has a bright brick-red skin that fades to a yellowish red after the fish dies. The roughy has a comparatively large head and averages 3 ½ pounds and 18 to 22 inches in length but can grow to 15 pounds. It also has a very long lifespan, living up to 149 years. Because of its slow maturity and the fact that they have been very important commercially they are in danger of over fishing. There are some retailers that refuse to sell orange roughy because of the danger of it being over fished. The orange roughy has been compared in taste to petrale sole. It is usually sold as skinned fillets, either fresh or frozen. Compared to other fish orange roughy is rather low in omega-3 fatty acids. Sold primarily in fillet form, its snow-white meat is very mild in flavor and low in fat. The best way to cook orange roughy is to bake, broil, deep fry, pan fry, sauté, poach or steam.

MAHI MAHI

Mahi mahi is a Hawaiian name given to the dolphin fish. Not to be confused with the dolphin that is a mammal, this fish can be found in tropical waters throughout the world. There are two types of dolphin fish that are sold as mahi mahi, the common dolphin fish and the pompano dolphin fish. The mahi mahi does not live a very long life, 4 to 5 years is tops. It averages 2 to 5 pounds but can grow to 76 pounds and 6 feet in length but fish over 40 pounds are rare. It is one of the world’s fastest swimmers reaching speeds of 50 miles per hour. Mahi mahi is very popular for both sport and commercial fishing and are featured in restaurants world-wide. Alive, it is a very colorful fish with a blue-green back and a light belly with tinges of gold, but these colors fade when the fish dies. Mahi mahi has a very firm flaky meat with a distinctive delicate, somewhat sweet flavor and a moderate fat content. Its meat is rather pink in color and remains fairly moist after cooking. The best way of cooking mahi mahi is to bake, broil, grill, deep fry, pan fry or poach.…

How to Clean a Kitchen

Cleaning advice on how to clean your kitchen. It does not matter if the kitchen is a little messy or totally out of place, the formula is the same. You must always go into your room and overlook a starting point where you want to begin. Start out in sections, first start putting up any dishes left out into your dishwasher, then proceed to put up any cooking accessories laying around, whether its cooking spray, a can of Maxwell House Coffee, Sunbeam bread, or Captain Crunch Cereal, or whatever is left out on counter tops or dinning table.

By now your counter top should be clear, leaving only the items that will permanently remain on the counter. Start spraying your counter down with Mr. Clean Cleaning Solution, make sure you lift and wipe under all appliances, while working your way around the kitchen make sure you wipe down all your wood cabinets, with Pledge orange or lemon oil. Now spray another rag with Mr. Clean Cleaning Solution and remove all fingerprints from switch plates, spray another rag with Mr. clean cleaning Solution and wipe down all open baseboards and all wood trim. Now get your ceiling fan duster and clean ceiling fans, remove all cob webs.

Use Glass Cleaner to clean all windows and window sills, wipe down outside of stainless steel refrigerator with stainless steel cleaner. Clean inside and outside of the microwave. Leaving the sink for last because you will constantly be using your water, and for mopping your floor. Find a cleaning solution that you prefer. We have several brands that we use and I like the ones that have a pleasant smell but yet effective at doing the job. Mr. Clean has a nice line of smell good disinfectants cleaner that really work well and leave a longer repeating scent.

When you start cleaning your stove, keep in mind the condition of the stove. If you find the stove in pretty bad condition you will need a stronger chemical to cut through the tough grease. We use a product called Mr. Muscle. This is an oven cleaner product that cuts through the grease, this powerful solution removes anything that's hard to remove from your stove. You just spray Mr. Muscle on to your stove, and clean it off. The good thing about it is that you do not have to wear a mask, it's fume free, with no harmful chemical. Try this product on tough to clean ovens and stove tops.

Now that your kitchen is clean, let's focus on determining your approach to give your floor a clean glossy finished look. Lets go ahead and sweep the floor making sure you move and sweep under the tables and chairs, move trash cans, pick up any area floor rugs, depending on the sizes of the rugs, shake it out, sweep it off, or vacuum the rug for any visible trash.

After sweeping your floor go ahead and run your mop water. Most kitchen floors are either …