The phrase OBGYN is actually an abbreviation to medical specialties of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Basically, obstetrics is a field of medicine that trains physicians on how to take care of pregnant patients properly and deliver their babies successfully. Gynecology on the other hand is a field that is training physicians on how to diagnose and treat disorders of female reproductive organs.
Oftentimes, medical doctors train both specialties concurrently as both deals intimately with function, anatomy as well as pathophysiology of female reproductive tract. OBGYN doctors are non-surgically and surgically treating all women whether they are pregnant or not or just planning to become pregnant.
While it is common for such doctors to be a woman, there are also male doctors who practice OBGYN medicine. A doctor who is practicing OBGYN medicine may even be seen specializing in reproductive endocrinology, pelvic reconstructive surgery, oncology, family planning, perinatology, adolescent gynecology, menopausal gynecology or even pediatric.
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Perinatology is what’s called to a medicine field that is concerned more on the health of mother as well as the fetus with a special emphasis on fetal surgery or high risk pregnancy management. The time of and even around childbirth might be precipitous and the ultimate goal of perinatologists is reducing mortality and morbidity for the mother and child.
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As for the job of a reproductive endocrinologist, their main focus is to assist patients with diagnosing, treating, understanding or sometimes dealing with infertility. While it is true that there are plenty of congenital, biological and anatomical causes of infertility, the diagnosis and the treatment are more focused on intervention that help couples to get pregnant. A physician will perform a series of tests on the patient and her partner as well in order to narrow the main source of infertility and create a set of recommendations according to determined diagnosis.
On the other hand, OBGYN is a medical sub-specialty that deals with non-surgical and surgical treatment of cancer found in reproductive organs as well as the urinary tract of female patient. Oftentimes, cancer spreads so fast and it is so important to contact an OBGYN doctor as soon as possible in order to determine what therapy can bring the most benefit. An experienced and appropriately trained physician can be a big help in terms of guiding and educating the patient to make an informed decision regarding their health whether systematic chemotherapy or local excision is required.
Pelvic reconstructive surgery on the other hand is a typical treatment done amongst women who have prolapse of pelvic organs as a result of childbirth or pregnancy or those who have urinary incontinence.