There are different types of crystals which can be found inside a cat's urinary system. Diagnosis and treatment plans are based on the specific type of crystals found.
The # 1 type of crystals found in a cat's urine used to be struvite. However, changes which were made to all AACFO certified foods lowered the magnesium and phosphorous levels in food, which in turn reduced the frequency of this stone type.
With struvite crystals eliminated with diet, the secondary type, or oxalate is now more prevalent. Oxalate crystals are difficult to treat if they combine and form stones, so the best approach is prevention. Treatment often requires either that the urinary system be flushed, or if they are large, surgery is required.
Oxalate crystal prevention can also be achieved with diet. Diets containing moderate calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium levels should be fed to these cats to reduce the risk of crystals forming. One brand that offers these qualities is Hill's Prescription Diet c / d. This product contains controlled levels of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and oxalate to help limit the building blocks of crystals and bladder stones. It also contains added potassium citrate to help interrupt bladder stone formation and increased levels of vitamin B6 to help decrease oxalate stone formation.
It's also important that cats get exercise and urinate frequently. Canned foods contain more moisture which will help since in the wild cat's get more water through food than thought drinking water directly. Urination helps to clean the urinary tract.
Homeopathic supplements can also work as a supportive therapy to keep the PH of the urinary tract within a normal range. It can also help to support the overall health of the urinary tract.
It's important for a pet owner to realize that crystals in cat urine are a very serious matter. They can lead to urinary tract infections and much larger bladder stones. Also, there is a chance that if male cat develops these crystals, his urethra could become plugged. This condition is critical and considered life-threatening because the cat would not be able to pass his urine.
There are some common things to look for in order to gauge whether or not a cat might have crystals or bladder stones might be that it is urinating frequently with only a minute amount coming out each time. The owner may also notice his or her cat showing signs ofraining excessively and / or display symptoms of experiencing pain. Also, some other signs and symptoms of crystals or stones are blood in the cat's urine, increased licking of itself in the genital area, vomiting and depression.