The 4 Main Types of Renewable Energy

As the world reaches its energy crisis we need to reduce our dependence on non-renewable energy sources, and start generating renewable energy on a massive scale.

To date there are four main types of renewable energy that we can produce: wind power, solar power, hydro power, and geothermic power.

Wind Power:

Wind turbines have been around for millennia, further back than the birth of Christ. Over the years they have been used to pump water, drag boats and grind flour. But at the turn of the industrial revolution, wind turbines were made to produce electricity.

Although many people envision windmills as those ornate ones in Holland or the small wind-pumps on farms, they have been developed tremendously in the past decade. Now wind turbines are able to generate thousands of megawatts of power, and when used on a small scale at home, wind power can substitute conventional energy sources, helping households to get off the grid.

Solar Power:

The sun is the most readily available form of energy there is, so we should be using it to a larger extent. And as technology advances, households are provided with a number of ways to harness the power of the sun. These ways include solar electricity, solar heaters, solar dryers and solar cookers.

With solar electric and heating systems, they are both cost-effective, good for the environment, they require little maintenance and help you save on your utility bills. Solar cookers are very healthy way of cooking food, since they cook the food at a lower temperature-helping to retain its vitamins and minerals. They are also very portable, making them ideal for travelers and campers.

Hydro Power:

Initially hydro or water power was used industrially to rivers and waterfalls to power waterwheels that would then be used to move water for irrigation or grind flour.

Today hydro power is used in dams to produce electricity for households and businesses. Hydro-electric power is generate on a large scale where dammed up water is channeled through turbines, which spins a dynamo as it gushes through. The best example of hydro-electric power would be the Hoover Dam, which was built to provide electricity to Las Vegas. In fact hydro-electric power is efficient is popular nowadays that it accounts for over 90{ccdfc561878e9246e1a18999d5a21dd519dc1b039f0564ab04c9b3978134babb} of the worlds renewable energy.

There have been some social and environmental concerns about building dams for hydroelectricity since entire village and communities are flooded by the dam, and the walls prevent certain species of fish from swimming upstream to spawn.

Geothermal Power:

Geothermal power is typically produced in areas with ongoing volcanic activity, where magma is relatively close to the surface. One such area is Iceland, where a large proportion of its power is produced from volcanic geysers.

Here, large power plants are built over the geysers, where hot fast-moving steam from the geysers drives large turbines to make electricity. To speed up the process, water is sometimes pumped back into the geysers to make more steam, which is then used to drive …

Benefits of an Electric Wok Appliance For Cooking

Woks role is cooking Southeast Asian cuisine like Thai and Chinese food. However, they specialize for stir-fry, then you could use them for boiling, deep-frying, steaming, braising, and making stews and soups. They are versatile cooking utensils made from a variety of materials. You have woks made from stainless steel, cast iron, carbon steel and aluminum. There is also an electric wok. You do not need a stove to cook in such a wok. Simply plug it to an electrical source and the wok itself acts like a heating element.

Advantages of using a wok that uses electricity are several. Apart from cooking delicious food, they have some advantages over other woks. Let us highlight some of them:

1) Storage: Electricity operated woks are very compact and suited to keep at home. Their design is in such a way that you can simply push them in your cabinet. You can even easily stack them in the corner of your kitchen. They also have good looks unlike the heavy iron woks that have to hide somewhere. So, you can use them even on the dining table with friends all around and the food gets cooked there itself. Apart from a good conversation, you could also share some delicious aroma arising from the wok.

2) Portable: Since these woks work on electricity, it is very easy to use them wherever you have a plug point. You could carry it when you go for your camping or other trips. All it needs to work is an electricity source. Therefore, even if you go to a place where you cannot have a kitchen to work or fuel, you can cook food in your wok that uses electricity.

3) Cooking: A wok makes delicious food, especially stir-fry and noodles, vegetable fried rice, spaghetti, ground turkey, French fries, and meat sauce. As this runs on electricity, cooking becomes even more convenient. In this wok, you can cook omelets, hash brown potatoes and stew among others. In fact, anything that you can cook in your pan can still fit in a wok.

4) Easy Cleaning: Woks that use electricity are very easy to clean and maintain. Since they are mostly made of non-stick material, you do not even have to scrub too much as the food does not stick on the sides.

5) No stove needed: The biggest advantage of an electric wok is that you do not need any fuel or heating element to cook food. Electricity is all you need. So, it becomes very convenient to cook in summers when the temperatures are extremely hot to stand in the kitchen and cook for hours.

6) Savings: To cook a meal, you do not need to work on two-three burners at a time as it costs a lot. A wok that runs on electricity is a cheaper option. It is a one-time investment and this wok stays with you for long. If you were planning to buy a wok, I would recommend to definitely by an …

Pros and Cons of Using Hard Anodized Cookware

Hard anodized cookware is made from aluminum processed by a series of electro-chemical interaction process. The addition of an acidic chemical compound and electrical charge to the aluminum forms a hard aluminum ceramic-like layer and that is what makes hard anodized cookware durable – it is even 30{ccdfc561878e9246e1a18999d5a21dd519dc1b039f0564ab04c9b3978134babb} harder than stainless steel. However, there are also some drawbacks of using this material for your cookware. Learn the pros and cons of using this kind of cookware before deciding on purchasing it.

The Pros

1. Stronger and more durable

Compared to regular aluminum cookware, kitchen utensils made of electrochemically altered aluminum is stronger. Hard anodized pans are also resistant to dents and dings. With proper handling, they can last for years.

2. Oven-friendly

If equipped with metal handles, these pots and pans can be used for cooking food in the oven.

3. Require less oil for cooking

Since hard anodized cookware has a stick-resistant surface, you don’t need to use lots of oil for cooking. Still, you will need a little oil or butter to lubricate the food. Not only is this more economical, less oil in cooking is also healthier for you.

4. Easier to clean

The non-stick surface makes the utensil easier to clean. No need to worry about burnt or stuck food anymore. If you get stains or caked-on food, apply a paste of baking soda with warm water for 30 minutes and then wash with warm soapy water to remove them easily.

5. Cook faster

The base material, being aluminum, conducts evenly and faster not only to the bottom of the utensil but also to the sides.

The Cons

1. More expensive

The production of a deep anodized surface requires processing time. It’s no wonder that hard anodized cookware will cost you more than the regular stamped-out pots and pans.

2. Aluminum contamination

Although still unproven, some experts believe that some aluminum can leach into and contaminate the food despite the hard anodized coating. Too much aluminum in our body is suspected of having a link to Alzheimer’s disease. But so is paracetamol linked to AD, and everyone pops this headache remedy on a frequent basis.

3. Heavier

Aluminum itself is quite lightweight; however the electro-chemical coating makes these heavier. Always be very careful when carrying a hot hard anodized pot full of food.

4. Not suitable for storing food

The lids for hard anodized cookware are not designed to be tightly shut. Remove the food immediately from the pan after cooking to prevent your food from becoming spoiled.

5. Not dishwasher-friendly

The chemically harsh detergent used in dishwashers can damage the aluminum coating. The best way to wash these utensils is by using warm water with mild soap and a dishcloth or soft sponge.…

Catering Business Profits, Earnings and Salaries – How Much Money Can You Really Make?

Many people have turned their love of cooking and entertaining into a good living by starting catering businesses.

Catering is a multi-billion dollar industry in the U.S. and as one of the fastest growing segments of the food and beverage industry, the catering business offers great opportunities for those wanting to start a small business with a low start up cost.

In this article we will look at catering business profits, earnings and salaries and how much money it is really possible to make in this industry. Then we will examine some of the things that separate the really successful players from the amateurs.

Is a $100,000 Yearly Profit Possible in Catering?

Many people consider a $100,000 pre-tax salary or profit to be a benchmark for success and they wonder if they can reach this level of earnings in catering.

Most small catering business owners who put in the effort can expect to earn between $20,000 and $40,000 profit per year for the owner during the first couple of years. After a couple of years in the business, you can easily scale up to earning a ‘six figure’ annual income from catering.

Tips for Getting to the ‘Six Figure’ Level

1) Forget catering from your home kitchen if you want to get to this salary level. Business savvy caterers do volumes that require them to either rent commercial kitchen space by the hour, arrange access to restaurant kitchens during off-hours or focus on ‘on-premises’ jobs only and use the kitchens of their clients.

2) Successful players love spending time creating menus, following food trends and interacting with people without neglecting the business side of catering.

3) Start to create a powerful brand right from the start with your logo, company values and unique service that will grow into a valuable asset that allows you to command a premium price for your catering services in the market.

4) Develop systems for every part of your business to streamline day-to-day operations. Analyze the way that you and your staff work and strive to increase productivity.

5) Understand that there are ‘niche’ markets within the catering industry that you would never think of until you really start looking. Top caterers find these untapped opportunities, and carve out a business catering to the specific needs of these groups.

6) Perfect the process of consulting with new clients and learn how to politely up-sell them on some of your more expensive offerings.

7) Realize that you are leaving money on the table if you don’t also up-sell additional event related services to your customers.

8) Learn how to hire, train and organize a small team to assist you with food preparation, delivery, service, and even sales if you want a realistic chance of getting to an income level above $100,000.

9) Don’t neglect traditional advertising methods but also pursue other modern marketing methods such as networking, cross promotions and guerrilla marketing.

10) Successful caterers also recognize the importance of customer referrals. Customers may introduce friends …

Restaurant Training – Handling Complaints & Recovery Tips For Hospitality Training – 7 Simple Steps

Picture your guest giving you an unexpected gift wrapped in shiny, gold, paper with a big, red ribbon on top. How would you feel?

Now hold on to that feeling. That is exactly how you should feel when a guest complains to you-as if you are getting a gift. Why? Because guests who complain are giving you a second chance to make it right for them instead of taking their business elsewhere.

Approximately4{ccdfc561878e9246e1a18999d5a21dd519dc1b039f0564ab04c9b3978134babb} of disappointed guests will voice their complaint to a company. Therefore, you should be more concerned about the continued patronage from 96{ccdfc561878e9246e1a18999d5a21dd519dc1b039f0564ab04c9b3978134babb} of your guests who will not convey their dissatisfaction to you.

Of the guests who complain, about 95{ccdfc561878e9246e1a18999d5a21dd519dc1b039f0564ab04c9b3978134babb} will continue patronizing a restaurant when the complaint is resolved quickly and in their favor. However, did you know that you can actually receive stronger positive word-of-mouth advertising from successfully recovering complaints from disappointed guests as opposed to the advertising you would receive from pleased guest?

When guests complain, they are communicating some level of dissatisfaction. Many times it may be a simple matter to resolve, such as reheating soup. Other times it may call for cooking several food entrees that were incorrectly ordered or prepared.

No matter how busy you are, always take ownership and make it a priority to quickly and professionally resolve all complaints. Adopting a company attitude to always please your guests and take all complaints seriously will pay off in repeat business. If you ignore your guest concerns, they may ignore your establishment when planning their next meal out

Taking a complaint professionally, not personally, is important. Although angry guests may take their dissatisfaction out on you, they are seldom upset with you as an individual. In most cases, they may just need to vent their feelings and be acknowledged. Be sure to focus on the issue, not the delivery of the complaint. If other guests can hear the complaint, lead the dissatisfied person to a secluded area. A complaint that gets out of hand may disturb the good time of other guests.

Training your staff to professionally handle service issues is imperative. Listed below are seven steps to successfully handling complaints. Some complaints, depending on the degree (like the soup example), can be resolved in fewer than the specified seven steps. Use your best judgment in taking the necessary steps to recover complaints.

Seven steps to successfully handling

1. Listen carefully and thank the guest. Listening will help you properly identify the complaint. Listen with your eyes and your ears by observing verbal and body language. Always show sincerity and concern for the guest’s feelings and thank them. For example,say, “Thank you for making us aware of this.”

2. Ask questions and repeat the complaint. This will ensure that you have understood the concern properly and can act on it immediately, and correctly solve it the first time. For example,say, “Let me verify…you wanted your steak cooked medium rare…is that correct?”


What’s the Big Deal About Piron Ovens?

Whether you are a caterer, restaurant owner or a baker, you understand the importance of a good quality oven. Having a reliable oven is imperative to a successful food preparation business. If you have researched your kitchen equipment, you would have heard of a Piron oven. If you haven’t then it may be the right time to learn more about the benefits of these ovens.

In this article I will look at the features of these technologically advanced Piron ovens and why the industry makes such a big deal about them. These are the features:

Stainless steel chamber: these ovens are equipped with a rounded interior stainless steel chamber. It is easier and quicker to clean as well as having the hygiene factor. Usually other ovens are only made of steel and have a box-like interior which is not conducive to easy cleaning. The Piron ovens have introduced a new rounded chamber that makes all the difference.

Turbo cold cooling system: this is a unique function to the Piron ovens. While the oven is heated on the inside, the cooling system maintains a lower external temperature. Thus, adding a degree of safety to the oven during use. In addition, it contains motors that are able to operate constantly during the high internal temperatures. This makes it quite durable over long periods of time.

180 degree door opening: certain models of Piron ovens are fitted with a door that can open 180 degrees. This flexibility gives the chef more freedom and adds an element of convenience and safety.

Digital display: these modern ovens are fitted with digital display screens which allow you to set the temperature, the timer, fan speed, regulate steam, store cooking times in the memory as well as set cooking phases. You literally have all the functions of the oven at your fingertips.

Safety micro switch: the oven is automatically set to switch off when the door is opened lends a unique safety aspect to this modern concept.

Double glass: the ovens are equipped with a double glassed door and an air gap. This keeps the external glass cool which is another safety feature. Furthermore, the door hinges are constructed for optimal balancing to ensure durability in the long run.

Removable side grids: the side grids inside the oven can be removed to fit almost any cooking container. This gives the chef a higher degree of flexibility when planning the next meal.

Halogen lamps: the Piron ovens are fitted with halogen lamps. This allows for better and clearer visibility inside the chamber.

Piron’s ovens are a modern marvel that adds convenience, safety and quality to your baking efforts. The technology is next to none and they are a reliable and durable kitchen equipment to own.…

12 Cancer-Causing ‘Elements’ Found In Our Home!

When I jokingly told my friend about 12 common categorized ‘cancer causing elements’ found in some homes, my friend was in disbelief! She couldn’t accept these facts that there are cancer-causing elements found in our own home… Let’s have a look at all those cancer-causing elements basically found in our home!

[1] Vanishes, Industrial coatings, Paints and their solvents and Glues

These are generally found in newly completed or renovated homes where most of them are freshly applied to walls, floors, ceilings in bedrooms, sitting rooms, kitchens and even our bathroom.

A very distinctive sign of all these home finishing coatings will be the unbearable odor when applied inside or outside the house. Decaying plasters after decades will also be cancerous. The worst is that we spend more time at home, thus increasing certain risks.

[2] Electrical appliances

Most electrical appliances produce small or slight radiation and is never healthy towards those who are constantly exposed to them. What are these electrical appliances? Television sets, video players, computers, hand phones and the main switch just to mention a few.

[3] Water-borne cancer-causing elements that comes from our water taps

Tap water is always chlorinated to kill germs and bacteria. We need chlorine but we need not drink the chlorine inside the water. Moreover, there are heavy metals, other contaminants, possible

toxins that one is not aware of. In the process of washing, cleansing, cooking and drinking, many have unknowingly consumed dirtied water that might be cancer-causing in the long run.

[4] In your kitchen, in your bathroom..

Some toothpaste, shampoos, soaps, body shampoos, washing powder do contains unexplainable cancer-causing elements. Most of these are manufactured without scientific backup and lack of quality control. So, take great care to buy only reputed branded quality products which are backed up with scientific proofs. Read the labels outside the products, its expiry date and know the basic ingredients it is made. .

[5] Insecticides to keep away mosquitoes, cockroaches and other insects

If they can kill small insects, it can also poison people slowly too when exposed for a long period of usage of the said chemicals. Moreover, it is not safe for young kids and the aged.

[6]In your bedroom

Poor ventilation in enclosed bedrooms, lacking of sunlight and fresh air will create poor quality air. Contaminated air will cause a lot of health problems. Great care should be taken as to maintain clean and fresh air in the bedroom.

There are certain contaminants in the air that will cause cancer. Free radicals from polluted air will attack our body DNA and immune system unmercifully.

[7] Improper cooking utensils

Aluminium pots, non-stick pans that gets worn out and gets thinner after constant use can cause havoc in our body when these metals and unknown chemicals are consumed with our foods cooked using them. Sad to say, it cannot be easily excreted from our body. The worst fear is that it goes into our blood streams. Cooking gas when inhaled will also cause …

List of Ingredients Used in Konkani Food

The fact that you are reading this already elevates you to the position of a food lover; curious enough to go beyond the typical Konkani image of miles of beaches thronged by tourists who are sunbathing and drinking. You are ready to dig deeper and unravel the mystery behind the spicy and aromatic food of the region.

Of course, since we are talking about the cuisine of a coastal area, coconut and seafood are obvious ingredients in the preparation of any meal; however, region and seasons also play an important part in the selection of the rest of the ingredients. Let’s take a look at some of the common, and some not so common, ingredients used in Konkani food.

A. Spices: Indian food is incomplete without an assortment of spices and the local cuisine uses them generously, giving the dishes a distinctive flavor.

· Black pepper: Piper Nigrum, or black pepper, is used extensively in Indian cooking. In India, it is grown mainly in South India. The fruits of the plant, known as peppercorns, are dried and used as a spice both for their flavor and for their medicinal properties.

· Fenugreek: This plant, which bears the scientific name of Trigonella foenum-graecum, has been cultivated since ancient times: as far back as 4000BC in Egypt. It is grown in semi-arid climates, mainly in the northern and western states of India. This plant is used in many ways in Indian cuisine: as an herb, a spice (both dried leaves and seeds), and as a vegetable in its fresh form.

· Red Chilies: Red chilies or chili peppers are plants of the genus Capsicum. They are used to make hot ‘n’ spicy Indian curries. The plant was introduced into Asia by Portuguese traders and since Goa was, until the recent past, a Portuguese colony, local Goan or Konkani cuisine uses this hot tasting spice heavily. The varieties of chilies that are frequently used in Goan dishes include Byadgi, Bird’s Eye and others.

· Asafoetida: This is dried latex obtained from the tap root of a perennial herb called Ferula, which is commonly grown in Iran, Afghanistan, and India. The spice has a fetid, pungent smell, hence the name asafoetida. But despite this, when used in extremely small quantities in dishes like lentils, it gives a smooth and unique flavor.

· Turmeric: Turmeric, or Curcuma longa, is obtained from an herbal plant belonging to the ginger family. These plants are native to the southeast parts of India. While turmeric is used mostly in rhizome powder form to impart a yellow color to food, in Konkani dishes, turmeric leaves are used to wrap and cook special sweet dishes.

· Mustard seed: Mustard seeds find mention in many ancient texts, including the Bible and the stories of Gautama Buddha. Indian mustard, with the scientific name of Brassica juncea, is grown mainly in the northern states of India.

· Cumin: This spice is derived from the dried seed of …

What Makes Bundt Pans So Special?

It is a pan. It is circular. It has a hole in the middle. What is the big deal? Why are Bundt pans so popular? If you have ever wondered why so many people seem to be in love with their Bundt pans, consider this your answer. There are a few reasons why so many cooks covet their Bundts.

The first is the fact that these pans make it incredibly easy to produce good-looking cakes. When you make a cake in a standard circular or rectangular pan, you get either a circle or a square. Then, it is up to you to make it pretty. With Bundt pans, you create cakes with a “built-in” swirl or other patterns. The cake, in essence, is self-decorated. If you are not interested in trying out for one of those Food Channel cake decorating contests, you will undoubtedly appreciate the way Bundt pans allow you to make something beautiful with very little effort.

Another reason for their popularity stems purely from tradition. These German-born pans have been around for nearly sixty years. Over that time, people have invented a number of special recipes for Bundt pans and the easily recognizable cakes they produce have become family traditions.

Bundt cakes are great for those of us who are not trained pastry chefs, as well. They are much more forgiving than other cake baking methods. The hole in the middle exposes more of the batter to the oven’s cooking temperature. That speeds the baking process and it reduces the likelihood of producing a cake that is undercooked in the middle. If you have ever sliced into a sheet cake to find the middle mushy and damp, you will immediately understand one of the most popular traits of Bundt cakes.

The aforementioned reduction in baking time is another advantage of Bundt pans. Shaving a few minutes off the amount of time necessary to produce a cake may not seem like a big deal to some people, but those who frequently find themselves pressed for time will undoubtedly enjoy winning those minutes back. That is enough of a reason to prefer Bundts to other options for many busy cooks.

See? The mystery of Bundt cake popularity is not really all that mysterious, after all. There are some very persuasive reasons to put one of the circular pans in your kitchen. They enable cooks to create very attractive, traditional cakes with less worry in less time. Those benefits are ingredients for a very popular batter!

Still not sure? Try a Bundt yourself. Start with a simple little model capable of handling six cups of batter. Make a few cakes. Even if you use a boxed mix, you will appreciate the quality of the results. Cooking with Bundt pans is fun, convenient and consistently produces some extremely tasty food!…

How Many Morningstar Farms Patties Are Allowed on Medifast?

If you are a vegetarian following the Medifast diet or just looking for some variety in your meal planning, some of your options for your Medifast lean and green meal include meatless patties made by Morningstar Farms. But you might be wondering just how many Morningstar Farms patties are on Medifast anyway, right? So let’s take a look at the guidelines.

First of all, you should know that there are three different vegetarian brands of patties that you can eat when following the Medifast diet. They are Morningstar Farms, Boca Burger and GardenBurger.

For each of these brands, you want to check the Nutrition information as you need to select patties that have less than six grams of carbohydrates each. If none of these brands are available to you or there are some other meatless patties you would like to try, I think it would be fine to just follow the same guidelines, but I would also try and match the nutritional stats for the approved products when looking at a different brand.

Your serving size for the Morningstar Farms (or other brands) is two patties as part of your lean and green meal. As you can see the serving is quite generous and that should keep your appetite comfortably in check while taking care of your hunger and your nutritional needs for the day.

While you won’t be able to enjoy your Veggie burgers with a bun, since bread isn’t on the plan because of the high carbs, you might want to try some lettuce wrappers as a nice alternative. Romaine lettuce makes a great wrap, but for a little more crunch try some Iceberg lettuce. Other popular lettuces for making sandwich wraps are Red Lettuce, Butterhead letuce, Raddicchio and large spinach leaves.

To make your lettuce wraps, you can just slice up the Morningstar Farms veggie burgers, add some chopped onions, some cabbage and heat it all up to spoon into your lettuce wrappers. If you eat dairy, consider adding two tablespoons of low carb ranch dressing for a delicious option. And if you don’t eat dairy, you could cook your veggie patties in two teaspoons of canola oil rather than using a non-stick cooking spray. Or stick to the non-stick spray and cut up 5-10 black olives and add those to your lettuce wraps for a great tasting Medifast lean and green meal.…