An Introduction to Fiber Optics
The utilization of fiber optic cables have become so common that they’re deemed to be the future of networking. It will be a smart move to follow the next tips below to use these cables correctly.
Tip number 1. Pay close attention to the connecters – there are a number of connectors involved in fiber optics. Each of this connector does a different job and using the wrong one at wrong place can make the network to function inefficiently. To be sure that you are installing only the right connector, familiarizing yourself with them will be crucial. A common type of connect which you must be aware of lucent connector, stick and twist and stick and click. Expect a problem to arise in the event that the connector is installed incorrectly. In the event that you haven’t tried installing a cable before, ask an expert in these cables to assist you with the installation.
Tip number 2. Never mix multimode and single mode cables – as what mentioned earlier, every cable has a different function and while two cables may look the same, it is not a reason to be tempted to mix them. You must know that the 2 cables are incompatible before proceeding with the installation.
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If you are using a multimode cable, they are less expensive and less powerful light sources as they have bigger core size. However, it has a flaw of lending itself to modal dispersion to which the light has a tendency to bounce around inside the core which is limiting the range of the cable to just around 2km.
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Single mode fiber on the other hand combines cabling and powerful lasers with narrow core size of only 9 microns in order to keep the light focused. In addition to that, the cable has a range of approximately 130 kilometers but given the fact that it has some powerful features, the price tag for such is quite expensive as well.
Tip number 3. Protect the receiver through attenuation – if the designers have used single mode fiber for a short distance, it can lead to oversaturation of the receiver which is at the end of connection. But to protect the receiver, it will be crucial to undertake attenuation. As for this process, you intentionally reduces the signal strength but without affecting the integrity of the line. Fact is that, there are several types of attenuators that you can go for while the most common is the O rings. You have to work with pros to guide you on choosing the right ring in regards to this matter.