Food Safety Tips You Can Do at Home to Minimize the Risk of Food Poisoning


Food Preparation Safety


Always refrigerate perishable food within 2 hours.

Refrigerate within 1 hour when the temperature is above 90F.

At home, place meat, poultry, and seafood in the refrigerator immediately.

Freeze poultry and ground meat that won’t be used in 1 or 2 days; freeze other meat within 4 to 5 days.

Defrost Safely

Completely defrost meat and poultry before grilling so it cooks more evenly.

Use the refrigerator for slow, safe thawing or thaw sealed packages in cold water.

You can microwave to defrost if the food will be placed immediately on the grill.

Safe Food Preparation

To prevent food borne illness, don’t use the same platter and utensils for raw and cooked meat and poultry. Harmful bacteria present in raw meat and poultry and their juices can contaminate safely cooked food.

Only use knives and cutting utensils for one thing, either for meat or for vegetables. Thereafter, the utensils should be thoroughly washed.

NEVER place the grilled meat back on the dish or board on which the raw meat was placed, as this has blood and juices from the raw meat.

NEVER use knives or dishes that have been used for the raw meat for the grilled meat, too.

Clean all counters and cooking surfaces, with hot soapy water before use.

Clean all cutting boards with hot soapy water before use.

Avoid using the same plate for raw and cooked food.

Marinade in the refrigerator and discard the marinade immediately after use.

Use a separate brush one for marinating and another for basting cooked meat.


Marinate food in the refrigerator, not on the counter.

Discard the marinade immediately after use.

If some of the marinade is to be used as a sauce on the cooked food, reserve a portion of the marinade before putting raw meat and poultry in it. However, if the marinade used on raw meat or poultry is to be reused, make sure to let it come to a boil first to destroy any harmful bacteria.

Safe Food Handling

Keep all raw and cooked food separate and keep it “wrapped and refrigerated”.

Use separate BBQ utensils when handling raw and cooked food.

Make sure frozen meat is thoroughly thawed (unless otherwise stated) before cooking and do not refreeze once thawed.

Safe Cooking

Cook thoroughly. Cook food to a safe minimum internal temperature to destroy harmful bacteria. The only way to be sure foods are cooked to a high enough temperature to kill harmful bacteria is to use an accurate digital instant-read thermometer. Thermometer use to ensure proper cooking temperature is especially important for those who cook or serve ground beef patties to people most at risk for food borne. Those most at risk include young children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems.

Unless you are in a big hurry or you like for your meat to be dry, do not press on it. You will just be squeezing out all those wonderful juices. Additionally, squeezing the juices on the coals …

Food Processor Safety Tips


A food processor is an electrical appliance that operates with fast moving and sharp blades and discs. Like other electrical equipment, a food processor should always be handled with care. Follow these safety tips to protect you and your family from misuse and harm.

  • The appliance’s blades and discs operate and move at high speeds. Make sure your hands and kitchen utensils, like spatulas or wooden spoons, are kept away from the moving blades and discs when processing food. Only insert your hands or kitchen utensils into the food processor after the machine is off and unplugged.
  • As stated, the blades and discs are very sharp and should be handled and stored carefully. When connecting the motor shaft or stem to the processing unit, always place the blades and discs on flat, stable surfaces to minimize potential contact with them.
  • Make sure the work bowl is securely locked before placing blades or discs on the motor shaft.
  • Never put food or other ingredients into the work bowl until the blades and discs are securely in place.
  • Always use the pusher or food plunger to move food into the bowl and into the spinning blades or discs. Never put your fingers into the feed tube or work bowl while it is in operation.
  • Make sure the blade or disc has stopped spinning before you remove the cover from the work bowl.
  • Make sure the processor is turned off and unplugged from the electrical outlet before removing food, changing parts or cleaning it.
  • After your food processing is done, first remove the work bowl from the processor’s base before removing any blades or discs.

Easy Tips to Keeping Your Kitchen Organized and Tidy

Everyone that has tried to cook a meal or bake has ended up running around the kitchen looking for a certain utensil or ending up using the wrong cooking tool because they can’t find what they are looking for. At the end of the cooking session they are left with a large amount of cooking equipment to clean. It doesn’t have to be that way with a few simple kitchen accessories that you can introduce to your kitchen area.

Buying kitchen furniture and accessories is quite expensive so most people do not tend to buy extra fixtures for it. With the amount of online stores, prices have dramatically come down due to the amount of competition. An easy and cheap accessory to introduce to the kitchen is by buying a utensil organizer that fits into the drawer and counter top. The organizer that fits in the drawer can hold the smaller utensils, while the counter top utensil organizer can hold the larger cooking utensils that you use for pots and pans.

Another item to introduce to the kitchen is to use a towel holder for the dish clothes and cooking gloves. Some of these holders are fixed to the wall, but if you don’t want to start drilling holes into the wall, you can buy one that attached to the kitchen drawer. These holders have a pair of hooks attached to the holder that can hook into a cupboard or door. The hooks are very thin so the drawer or cupboard door can still open and close without any problems.

You could also opt for a pantry organizer for your kitchen. You don’t need a pantry in order to use them. You do need additional space in your kitchen to have one installed. They come in a wide range of shapes and sizes so they are not as big as you may think. They are great for storing food and allowing you to keep more cooking equipment in the kitchen cupboards as you no longer have to store food in them.

Having a clean and uncluttered counter area where you can prepare food makes cooking so much more enjoyable. It will also make a big difference during the cooking process where you will no longer ruin a meal because you couldn’t find a particular item. When everything has its place in the kitchen, you will notice that your enjoyment for cooking will increase too.…

How to Get Free Subway Sandwiches

Do you want to be able to wrap your hands around a free Subway sandwich? There are ways that you will be able to get Subway sandwiches for free that you will be interested in learning about so that you will be able to take advantage of some good free food. Subway is a healthy alternative to eating at some fast food restaurants and it has become the favorite place for a lot of people to eat lunch. If you are tired of paying for your lunch and want to eat for free then make sure that you learn how you can get your free Subway sandwiches.

One way that you will be able to get a free sandwich from Subway is by finding coupons that you can use. Almost every restaurant and business that has anything to sell has some type of discount that will offer you an incentive so that you can get some free food or some other free item. You might find Subway coupons for free sandwiches without having to make an additional purchase, or you might find ones where you will be able to get a Subway sandwich free with the purchase of additional items such as a drink and a bag of chips.

Another way that you can get free Subway sandwiches is by keeping a lookout for market research companies that conduct surveys relating to Subway and other fast food restaurants. Often these companies will give away gift cards to those who take part in their research study. If the study is done in person then cash may be offered as an incentive and you can use that cash to pay for your Subway sandwich, but if it is done online you will be able to get a gift card delivered to your home and use it Whenever you eat at Subway.

If you want to be able to get free Subway sandwiches then you will want to make sure that you follow one of these two methods. Either keep a look out for coupons that have offers for a free Subway sandwich or keep a lookout for market research companies that are giving away gift cards to those who take part in their research study. Either way you do it, you will be able to eat healthy for lunch or dinner and you will be able to do it without having to pull your wallet out. …

Elements Of A Well Designed And Functional Kitchen

Your kitchen is the most multifunctional room in your house. Of course, you cook in it, and probably eat in it; you store food, wares and utensils; it’s probably where you spend the most time with your family – the family schedule is on the fridge; and when people come over, no matter how much you want them to see the new entertainment centre, they will end up in the kitchen. Even while it is such a popular place, sometimes you just need to pass through quickly because you’re late.

It’s a lot of responsibility for one room to handle. A good kitchen design needs to consider everything that will go on there; it needs to be functionally efficient, comfortable and really good looking too.

There are a number of elements that conspire to make a well-designed, functional kitchen:

Layout – The layout is the map of your kitchen design and, just like a road map, it needs to show where everything is and how you get there. To start, you will need to know how much space you have, not all designs are suitable for all spaces. It will also help to consider your family’s activities – does anyone need to get through with large sports bags? Once you have answered these sorts of questions, there are four basic designs from which to start:

L-shaped – This layout works in small or large spaces and an island can be added for extra counter space.

U-shaped – Better suited for larger spaces, this layout offers lots of counter space within easy reach.

Single Wall – Everything in a row; this works for smaller spaces or an open concept kitchen with an island.

Double Wall or Corridor – Also for small spaces with the ability to pass through easily.

Lighting – Nothing else can change the mood or functionality of a kitchen as quickly as lighting. Wrongly placed and simple tasks become difficult; or well balanced and a dull room becomes an inviting space. There are three basic types of kitchen lighting:

Ambient Lighting – This is the overall light in the room. Kitchens need to be well lit and solid ambient lighting will make sure this is the case at any time of day or night

Task Lighting – Even with good ambient light, sometimes you need more light in certain places to help you see better to prepare food, etc..

Accent lighting – Use accent lighting to highlight certain areas of the kitchen, objects, cabinets, etc..

Cabinetry – It’s just where you keep your stuff, but it’s the dominant feature of your kitchens and – like the kitchen itself – your cabinets must be practical and look great too. A new look for your cabinets does not have to be expensive; they can be re-faced for a fraction of the cost of replacement. The basic decision you need to make, whether you are re-facing or replacing, is the style of cabinet you prefer. Options abound with a variety of …

Restaurant Chairs – How to Choose The Perfect Style

Restaurant chairs come in so many shapes, sizes and materials that it can seem impossible, at first glance, to choose the ones that will suit your business. Cloth, vinyl, leather or metal? Rolling chairs or not? Maybe you'll have booths in your restaurant. How expensive is this going to get?

Before you go into Chair Overload, stop for a second and ask yourself a few questions. First off, what type of restaurant do you have? A diner is going to look for completely different chairs than a five-star waterfront restaurant.

What's your average meal price point? There are lots of steakhouses out there, but they range from casual to fancy, with price points from moderate to sky-high. Same with seafood restaurants. If you know the average price point for your most menu items, that can help determine the kind of decor that customer might expect. You can use that as a beginning point for your restaurant chair search.

Who is your target customer? These are the primary people you want to make happy, so knowing their likes and dislikes can point you in the right direction. For instance, if the target customer for your sushi bar is a young, urban professional approaching around $ 40,000, you'll probably look for something with sleek, contemporary styling.

But if the target customer for your waterfront Michelin-rated French restaurant is a successful professional over age 50 approaching upwards of $ 100,000, you'll probably look for something larger, softer, and more substantial. With a high price point, you'll want to encourage people to linger in your restaurant, and therefore comfortable restaurant chairs will be part of your overall marketing plan.

For the above scenario, you're more likely to choose lounge-style seating in the waiting areas. This would include large, wide chairs, possibly overstuffed, and maybe even an ottoman or two. At the table itself you would probably want an upholstered chair of good-quality wood with an understated, classic fabric. Chairs of this quality, however, can run into the hundreds of dollars. Each.

In a more casual eatery you might have everything from good quality wooden chairs, to metal chairs with nice padded seats and backs, to uber-modern seats or stools with minimalist padding and lines.

Restaurant chairs should enhance your décor and meet or exceed the expectations of your target customers, taking in the price point you've set for your restaurant. Once you've set those items ahead of time, choosing your restaurant chairs should be a pleasant experience, rather than a time-consuming, confusing chore. …

4 Keys to a Successful Restaurant

One of the warnings that new restaurant owners hear when they talk about opening their own restaurant is that it will require long hours in order to earn the mount of money you would earn in a 9 to 5 job. Sadly, for many restaurant owners, that is very true. Everything they own is tied up in their restaurant, and it consumes almost all of their time. You can see this in almost any community with independent restaurants. They are surviving, but they are not what you would consider restaurant success stories.

Restaurant success can mean many different things, depending on who you talk to, but most owners will agree that there is a vast difference between running a successful restaurant and managing to keep your doors open. Most people with an entrepreneurial spirit do not want to become slaves to their business. Yet many restaurant owners become just that. If the restaurant is open, the owner is there.

So, how does a restaurant become successful. While defining success will be different from owner to owner, there are some keys to restaurant success that most will agree on.


A great meal starts with great food. A meal that is well prepared with quality ingredients is a must on any menu. It would take a true friend to come back to your restaurant time and again if the food was not good.

Along with the quality of the food is that it is consistent. One truth of restaurants is that you will not be able to please everyone with every dish. If the majority of the people that try an item like it, then do not change it. If you change your recipe every time a customer complains you will never have any consistency with your menu. Then when a customer that did like the item returns, they will be unhappy that the recipe changed, and they did not receive what they wanted.


Customers will go where they are treated well. It does not matter how good the food is if your customer service is bad. Your customers are coming to your restaurant for the dining experience, not just for good food. If their experience is not enjoyable, they will start looking for a restaurant that treats them with care and respect.

For your restaurant to be a success, you need to take the time to train your staff in how to treat your customers. Everyone from the greeter to the dishwasher needs to know and understand how to respond to any complaint or suggestion from a customer. While the customer may not always be right, they are the one who pay the bills. Without them, you have no business.


The next thing that will add to, or destroy, the customers experience is the cleanliness of your restaurant operation. For many customers, if there is anything that appears to be dirty or unsanitary, they will automatically assume that the entire operation is unsanitary. They will never know whether …

Discount Restaurant Gift Certificates – 4 Low Cost Ways to Buy Discount Restaurant Gift Certificates

Do you always have difficulties finding things to buy for your friends and families for birthdays, holidays, or special events? Discount restaurant gift certificates are great gifts for many occasions, especially for families who have limited budgets but like to dine out.

Restaurant gift card is a great gift for people who do not like to cook, or simply do not have time to cook. It is also a great house warm gift. When you just move into a new home and try to get everything together, spending time in the kitchen might not be a priority. Instead of giving them a blender that they might have already, giving them restaurant certificates of their neighborhood restaurants is more practical and will make their life easier.

You can find discount restaurant certificates on the Internet quite easily. Here are four places you can get them online.

1. eBay

You can find many discount restaurant gift certificates for sale on eBay. Some people may have received gift cards for a restaurant that they do not like, or the restaurant is simply too far away from home. Therefore, many people try to sell it on eBay to get some cash back.

2. sells restaurant gift certificates at a huge discount. You can buy a $ 100 restaurant certificates for $ 30.

3. Costco

I was browsing on Costco website the other day, and I realized they also offer restaurant certificates at discounted prices. Costco sells gift cards for several popular restaurants in my area at 20% off. Usually they come in a gift pack. For instance, they sell two $ 50 certificates for $ 80. Although they do not have a large selection, it is worth checking if you have a Costco membership.

4. Entertainment Books

Although Entertainment Books is not necessarily a "gift card," it contains many restaurant coupons. There are many "buy one get one free" type of discount restaurant coupons. Best of all, if you plan to buy Entertainment Books for your friends as house warm gifts, the book would help them to find out more about their neighborhood stores.

Entertainment Book has coupons for many popular national restaurants, such as Subway, Cold Stone Creamery, and Quizno. You can also find tons of local restaurant coupons in the books. They make great Christmas gifts since your friends will have an entire year to use all the coupons in the book.

I hope these four ways of purchasing discount restaurant gift certificates give you some ideas of what to buy for your friends and families who already have a lot of things in their homes. Giving a good dining experience is just as good as giving any physical gifts. …

Successful Characteristics Of A Small Restaurant Website

Building a successful website requires a fair amount of effort no matter what type of business it is. A small restaurant website is no exception. This article will talk about some of the characteristics that should be in any small restaurant website if it wants to be well-designed and impactful. Just to clarify, a small restaurant for purposes of this article is not a chain restaurant and is a restaurant with only a few patrons at any given time.

#1: Make Sure That The Website Has An Organized Navigation Bar With Options For A Menu And Contact Us Button

This piece of advice sounds obvious and most major chain restaurants’ website have these things. However, there are many small restaurant websites out there which are either outdated or poorly designed. Often times, you will have to scroll to the bottom to find a menu or contact information. Today’s websites must have a navigation bar either on the top or to the sides so that the viewer can find this important information. A small restaurant website must always have a menu that is easily accessible to the viewer. It must also have a contact button as well because the viewer will always have questions about the food and about the service. You must make sure these elements are on the website and are easily accessible and visible to the viewer and not lost in the website.

#2: Pay Attention To Your Use Of Colors

This will require a lot of trial and error. Finding the right color combinations is always important. This applies not only to the background of the site, but also the text. Keep in mind that small businesses do not have the advantage of brand recognition that larger businesses have, so color combinations can make a big difference in how people perceive the site.

For example, if your restaurant is a seafood restaurant, you would most likely use blue to represent the water. However, what other color you might use to complement the blue color must be taken under careful consideration. Red would probably not be a good choice because it might clash with the water theme associated with seafood restaurants. Some color combinations such as blue with orange or blue with pink would just seem awkward for a seafood restaurant. This all depends on what kind of restaurant you are building a site for, but the important thing to pay attention to the color combinations and the type of restaurant you are using them for.…

Products And – Or Services – Defining "Service-Oriented" Products and the Related Role of Technology

The economy can be analyzed using both market-driven and production-driven approaches to industry classification. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) uses a market-driven approach; the older Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) uses a production-driven approach.

Under a market-driven approach, the economy comprises goods-producing and service-providing industries. Goods-producing industries include: natural resources and mining, construction, and manufacturing; service-providing industries include: wholesale and retail trade, transportation (and warehousing), utilities, information, financial activities, professional and business services, education and health services, leisure and hospitality, and public administration.

Under a production-driven approach, the economy comprises product-driven and service-driven industries. Product-driven industries comprise enterprises that manage inventories available for sale as primary activities (regardless of whether they transform them or not). Under this approach, the retail, wholesale, and food service industries are product-driven. (The kitchens of food service providers are equivalent to factories.) Product-driven enterprises may have extensive cost accounting and operations practices for inventory management.

Industry classifications can be applied to an enterprise as a whole (the primary industry), and to the establishments within it, which may be in differing secondary industries. Establishments are facilities that include plants (factories and warehouses) and branches (retail and wholesale outlets).

For example, the hospitality industry is service-driven; under the production-driven approach, the bar and restaurant establishments within a hotel are product-driven. The entertainment industry is service-driven; under the production-driven approach, the retail and bar establishments within a theater are product-driven. The health care industry is service-driven; under the production-driven approach, the retail pharmacy establishment within a hospital is product-driven. Under the market-driven approach, all of these establishments are service-providing.

For example, a manufacturing enterprise is goods-producing under a market-driven approach, and product-driven under a production-driven approach. If it also operates a retail delivery system, the stores are service-providers under a market-driven approach, and are product-driven under a production-driven approach. If all sales revenue is sourced from its own products, the enterprise is in two primary industries. However, if forced to decide, its selection should be based upon core competencies – activities that it performs well. The enterprise can be divided into two separate business units: manufacturing and merchandising. The merchandising unit is an internal customer of the manufacturing unit. However, depending on strategy and policy, the manufacturing unit could sell products to wholesalers and other retailers, and the merchandising unit could buy products from other manufacturers and wholesalers. Under a market-driven approach, the manufacturing unit is goods-producing and the merchandising unit is service-providing, whereas under the production-driven approach, the merchandising unit is product-driven.

The make-up of the economy changes overtime as newer industries emerge and grow and older industries mature and decline. For example, the manufacturing industry is shifting from vertically integrated to strategically outsourced. Strategic outsourcers may manufacture specialized components and assemble finished products. However, by outsourcing the manufacturing of utility components to specialty scale manufacturers, strategic outsourcers can lower their production costs.

Biotechnology and nanotechnology are emerging industries. The information industries are growing as technology becomes more ubiquitous, and as knowledge is packaged in digital …

5 More Ways to Make Money at Your School Carnival – Updated For 2010 School Year

A carnival is one of the best and most fun ways you can raise a significant amount of money for your school. The amount of work that goes into turning your carnival into a real, money-making machine, however, can be intense. Here are five suggestions you can use to really crank up your revenue-producing potential.

1. Use the latest technology in your marketing campaign

A basic principle of marketing is to get the message out to your audience in the ways that they consume information. Since your primary market is families with young children, you can safely assume that a large percentage of these parents are active online. Therefore, you should make sure that you are utilizing social networking outlets as a primary means of spreading the word. 

Create a Facebook fan page for your school and fill it with quick posts such as:

·         Important dates/times for the carnival

·         Notifications on wristband sales

·         Cool activities you’ve booked, like a bungee run or inflatable jousting

·         Popular entertainment acts you’ve scheduled, such as local bands or the high school cheerleading squad

·         Incentives like shaving the principal’s head if 80% of the students in the school pre-buys wristbands

·         Any specialty food items you’ll be selling at the carnival, like deep-fried Oreo cookies

Get this information out in real-time and specifically ask your readers to pass the word on by sending email links or suggesting their friends should check your school’s fan site out.

I would also suggest recruiting a handful of students who are big-time texters. Ask them to start a “text-tree” where they text ten of their friends and family members. Then, those ten each text ten more friends of their own and so on, until the numbers explode. It can be a simple message like “don’t forget to buy your carnival wristbands by today”. This can be a very powerful tool for you.

Don’t forget to ask your school district if you can use their automated phone alert system, if they have one. This is the phone system that calls you at home to alert you of a school cancellation or something similar. Many times, schools use these systems to tell parents about school plays or performances. Request permission to use the system for your school carnival announcements to parents on their home or mobile phones. This is a very effective means of communications at your disposal. If you’ve got it, use it!

2. Be more truthful in your marketing

Face it, it’s tough getting people to spend money on charities, which schools are, in a bad economy. People are scared and want to hold on to their money. That’s understandable. However, it’s also true that schools need to raise money for things, important things, that the budget won’t cover anymore. Therefore, I would suggest two very important messages to really hammer home in your carnival marketing plan. 

First, be very specific in your material. Tell parents exactly what the money you raise will go for. Work with the school principal and teachers to come up with a list of all the items that …

How to Make Fresh, Homemade Marinara Sauce

Homemade is better. This takes a little time but it's worth it. This sauce works well on pizza or pasta. With a little change in seasonings and by omitting the olive oil, you can make a salsa from this recipe.

How to Chop and Seed Tomatoes

1. Bring a pan of water to boil. Place four or five tomatoes at a time in the hot water and leave them in the bath for one minute. Remove them from the water and start another batch. Let the tomatoes cool to where you can handle them.

2. Peel the tomatoes by starting a small slit in the skin with a knife at the tip of a logo. Grasp the edge of the skin and peel the skin from the logo in strips. Repeat with each logo.

3. Cut away the top of the logo. Cut the tomato in half. With your thumb, loosen the seeds and press them into a bowl or into the sink. With Roma tomatoes, only the flesh will remain. With other tomatoes, you can remove most of the seeds. Throw the seeds away. Repeat with the remaining tomatoes.

Tools for Removing the Seeds from Tomatoes

Though you can seed and peel tomatoes by hand, tools will make the job go faster. Choose the tool that is best for you – a Victorio strainer, a potato ricer, or a food mill. Whatever you use, make sure the screen is small enough to catch the seeds. For high volume jobs, a Victorio strainer is best. It has a hopper on the top into which you load your tomatoes and a crank handle that forces the tomatoes through a screen separating the skins and the seeds. You will get the same results with food mill but it is not as fast. A ricer will do one logo at a time. All of these tools can be used for puree other produce. A ricer is commonly used to rice potatoes.

Canning Your Tomato Sauce

If you love your own sauce sauce, can it. Maybe you like the spice blend that you are using. Maybe it's the idea of ​​doing it yourself, maybe canning your own tomatoes. Maybe it's to save money but it's great to can own your logo sauce. Just make a larger batch and can it according to the instructions from a reliable source such as your equipment manual or a government source.

Tomato Sauce for Pizza or Pasta

2 to 3 cups peeled and seeded Roma or other tomatoes
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1/4 teaspoon salt or to taste
1/2 teaspoon granulated sugar
1 large garlic clove, crushed
1 teaspoon crushed, dried oregano or a tablespoon of fresh
1 teaspoon dried basil leaves or two teaspoons fresh
2 tablespoons olive oil

Baker's note: Add garlic, oregano, and basil to suit your tastes. Fresh herbs can be substituted for the dried one but it will take more for the same flavor.


Chop the seed tomatoes in a …